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Anglo-Saxon

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irmþ

  • noun [ feminine ]
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Grammar
irmþ, e; irmþu, irmþo; indecl. f.
Poverty, penury, misery, wretchedness, calamity, distress, disorder
Show examples
  • Yrmþ

    miseria,

      Ælfc. Gr. 33 ; Som. 37, 24.
  • Nis ðǽr on ðam londe yldu ne yrmþu

    in that land there is not age or misery,

      Exon. 56 b; Th. 201, 6; Ph. 52 : 64 b; Th. 238, 34; Ph. 614.
  • Him gewearþ yrmþu tó ealdre

    upon them [Adam and Eve] came misery for ever,

    73 a;
      Th. 272, 24; Jul. 504; 119 a; Th. 457, 15 ; Hy. 4, 84.
  • Ne biþ him hyra yrmþu án tó wíte ac ðara óðerra eád tó sorgum

    nor alone shall their own misery be torment, but the bliss of the others shall be a grief,

    26 b ;
      Th. 79, 19; Cri. 1293.
  • For yrmþe unspédig[ra]

    propter miseriam inopum,

      Ps. Spl. 11, 5.
  • Ðeós of hyre yrmþe eall ðæt heó hæfde sealde

    hæc de pænuria sua omnia quæ habuit misit,

      Mk. Skt. 12, 44.
  • Ðonne sende hé him fultum þurh sumne déman ðe hí álísde of heora yrmþe

    then he sent them help by some judge, who released them from their misery,

      Ælfc. T. Grn. 6, 26.
  • Wið ðæs migðan yrmþe

    for disorder of the urine,

      Herb. 163, 3; Lchdm. i. 292, 7.
  • Ic ádreáh feala yrmþa ofer eorþan

    I suffered many miseries on earth,

      Andr. Kmbl. 1939; An. 972 : Exon. 26 b; Th. 78, 5; Cri.1269.
  • Ic eom gefylled mid iermþum

    saturatus sum miseria,

      Past. 36, 5 ; Swt. 253, 8.
  • Seðe hine fram swá monigum yrmþum and teónum generede

    qui se tot ac tantis calamitatibus ereptum,

      Bd. 2, 12; S. 514, 19.
  • Ðæt hí ðám yrmþum á ne wiðstanden

    in miseriis non subsistent,

      Ps. Th. 139, 10.
  • Gif hé ðære tíde yrmþo beswicode

    si temporis illius ærumnis exemptus,

      Bd. 2, 12; S. 512, 36.
  • Ðus hí heora yrmþo árehton

    ita suas calamitates explicant,

      1, 13; S. 481, 43.
  • Ðisse worlde yrmþa

    the miseries of this world,

      Blickl. Homl. 61, 3.
  • Yrmþo,

      203, 20.
  • Dreógan yrmþu bútan ende

    to suffer endless misery,

      Elen. Kmbl. 1902 ; El. 953.
  • Ðú scealt écan ðíne yrmþu,

      Andr. Kmbl. 2767; An. 1386.
  • Yrmþo,

      2381; An. 1192.
  • Ides yrmþe gemunde

    the woman remembered her misery,

      Beo. Th. 2523; B. 1259.
  • Hé ða yrmþu oncyrde ðe wé ǽr drugon

    he averted the miseries that before we suffered,

      Exon. 16 b; Th. 38, 29; Cri. 614.
Etymology
[O. E. Homl. ermðe poverty : Laym. ærmðe misery : O. H. Ger. armida paupertas, inopia, penuria.]
Similar entries
v. ermþu, earmþu, eormþu, weoruld-irmþu.
Linked entries
v.  earmþu.
Full form

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  • irmþ, n.