mancus
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
mancus
es; m. A mancus, the eighth of a pound, the sum of thirty pence Fif penegas gemacigaþ ǽnne scillingc and xxx penega ǽnne mancus (other MSS. manccus, mancs), Ælfc. Gr. 50; Som. 52, 8. In Cnut's laws the heriot of an earl included twá hund mancus goldes (which is rendered in a Latin version by quinquaginta marcas auri, v. Schmid. p. 309, so that the mancus is the fourth of a marc), L. C. S. 72; Th. i. 414, 8. Cf. for an instance of the manner in which this might be paid the will of an ealdorman where the heriot included feówer beágas twegen on hundtwelftigum mancosum and twegen on hundeahtatigum, Chart. Th. 500, 3. The value of the mancus is also seen from L. Ath. v. 6, 2; Th. i. 234, 1 :-- Oxan tó mancuse compared with Th. i. 232, 7 where an ox is rated at thirty pence, be xxx pænega oððe be ánum hrýðere. The word occurs not unfrequently in the charters. Gedǽle hé ǽlcum mæssepreóste binnan Cent mancus goldes, Chart. Th. 471, 19. Ágyfe man mínra (king Alfred ) ealdormanna ǽlcum án hund mangcusa . . . and Æðeréde ealdormenn án sweord on hundteóntigum mancusum, 489, 29-33. Ic geann ǽlcum bisceope v. mancessa goldes, 544, 8. Án hund mancosa, 596, 9. Mancussa, 530, 13. Ǽnne beáh on þrittigan mancysan, 501, 9. Ánes beáges on sextigum mancussum goldes, 529, 4 : 531, 4. Mid xvi. mancussum reádes goldes, 536, 21. Týn mancusas goldes, v. mancusas goldes, 544, 11-14. [O. H. Ger. mancusa, manchusa, manchussa (nummos) aureos, philippos, solidos, Grff. ii. 808 O. L. Ger. mancusi aureos.]
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