Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

syn

  • noun [ feminine ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
syn, e; f.
with reference to human law or obligation,
misdeed, fault, crime, wrong
Show examples
  • Se cyning his feóndum swíþe árede . . . Ðyslíc wæs seó syn ( culpa ) ðe se cyning fore ofslegen wæs,

    • Bd. 3, 22;
    • S. 553, 21.
  • Hié georne smeádon hwæt sió syn wǽre ðe hié gefremed hæfdon wið ðam cásere,

    • Elen. Kmbl. 828;
    • El. 414.
  • Ne synn ne sacu ne sár wracu

    nec scelus infandum, . . . aut Mars, aut ardens caedis amore furor,

    • Ex. Th. 201, 10;
    • Ph. 54.
  • Ðá wæs synn and sacu Sweóna and Geáta

    then was there wrongdoing and strife between Swedes and Geats,

    • Beo. Th. 4935;
    • B. 2472.
  • Senne

    facinus,

    • Hpt. Gl. 519, 22.
  • Synne stǽlan

    to charge with crime,

    • Menol. Fox 569;
    • Gn. C. 54.
with reference to divine law,
sin
Show examples
  • Heora synn ( peccatum ) ys swíðe gehefegod,

    • Gen. 18, 20.
  • Hé onfunde Godes ierre . . . ðeáh hé wénde ðæt hit nán syn nǽre,

    • Past. 4;
    • Swt. 39, 6.
  • Seó geofu wæs broht for ðære synne ðæs ǽrestan wífes . . . and seó synn wæs ádilegod,

    • Blickl. Homl. 5, 4-6.
  • Syn,

    • 3, 7.
  • Mænige líf bútan leahtre ( crimine) habban mágon, bútan synne (peccato) hí ná mágon,

    • Scint. 230, 12,
    Ælc ðe synne (peccatum) wyrcþ is ðære synne (peccati ) þeów,

    • Jn. Skt. 8, 34.
  • Se ðe déþ áweg middaneardes synnæ ( peccatum; synna,

    • MS. A.: synne, MS. B. Lind. Rush.
    • ),
    • 1, 29.
  • Se hæfþ máran synne (synn. Lind.),

    • 19, 11.
  • Synne ne áspringaþ

    sins cease not,

    • Exon. Th. 94, 11;
    • Cri. 1538.
  • Beóþ ðæs mannes synna gecwémran ðonne eal eorþlíc goldhord,

    • Blickl. Homl. 43, 21.
  • Wé fela sinna didon,

    • Hy. 7, 106.
  • On synnum geboren,

    • Jn. Skt. 9, 34.
  • Of synnum mínum clǽnsa mé,

    • Ps. Spl. 50, 3.
  • Sennum,

    • Ps. C. 38.
  • Andettan synna,

    • Mt. Kmbl. 3, 6.
  • Senna,

    • Blickl. Homl. 43, 14.
v. fyrn-, heáh-, níd-syn[n].
Etymology
[
O. Sax. sundia:
O. Frs. sende:
O. H. Ger. sunta peccatum, culpa, noxa, nefas: Icel. synd.
]
Full form

Word-wheel

  • syn, n.