Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

wirsa

  • adjective
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Grammar
wirsa, (wirra occurs once in the Chronicle); cpve.; wirrest, wirst; spve. adj.
Worse, worst,
in a moral sense
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  • For hwam lifaþ se wyrsa leng? Salm. Kmbl. 716; Sal. 357.
  • Ne wearð nán wærsa dǽd gedón ðonne ðeós wæs,

      Chr. 979; Erl. 129, 4.
  • Gif wé ðæt ne dóþ, ðonne wyrce wé ús myccle synne; and ús is get wyrse ðæt wé úrne ceáp teóþian, gif wé willaþ syllan ðæt wyrste Gode,

      Blickl. Homl. 41, 7.
  • Hí for nánum ermþum ne byóð nó ðý betran, ac ðý wyrsan,

      Bt. 39, 11; Fox 230, 17.
  • Ðá gǽð hé and him tó genymð seofun óðre gástas wyrsan (

    nequiores) ðonne hé . . . and wurðaþ ðæs mannes ýtemestan wyrsan (pejora )

    ðonne ða ǽrran,
      Mt. Kmbl. 12, 45: Wrt. Voc. ii. 72, 59.
  • Ðes wyrresta cyning Neron,

      Homl. Th. i. 384, 3.
  • Se wyresta sceaþa (

    Judas

    ),
      Blickl. Homl. 69, 10.
  • Ðis is manna se wyrresta,

      185, 2.
  • Se eallra wyrresta mon,

      Bt. 14, 3; Fox 46, 20.
  • Ðé þúhte ðæt eallra ðinga wyrrest,

      38, 4; Fox 204, 9.
  • Ðæs wyrrestan eorðcyninga,

      Cd. Th. 235, 13; Dan. 305.
  • On werrestre dǽde

    in actione pessima, Confess. Peccat. Swá byð ðisse wyrrestan (wyrsesta, Lind., pessimae )

    cneórysse,
      Mt. Kmbl. 12, 45.
  • Wirestan,

      Deut. 1, 35.
  • Ða wyrstan (

    pessimam

    ) ingewitnesse mé ic geseó,
      Bd. 5, 13; S. 632, 32.
  • Ða wyrrestan, fá folcsceaðan,

      Andr. Kmbl. 3183; An. 1594.
  • Ðám wyrrestum wítes þegnum,

      Exon. Th. 251, 28; Jul. 152.
  • On werstum ðingum

    in rebus pessimis,

      Kent. Gl. 23. (1 a) of an unfitting condition of things :--
    And ðæt git wyrse is, ðæt wé witon manige foremǽre weras forþgewitene ðe swiþe feáwa manna á ongit, Bt. 19; Fox 70, 11: Met. 10, 57.
of the physical condition of persons or things
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  • Hé tóbrycð hys stede on ðam reáfe, and se slite byð ðe wyrsa,

      Mt. Kmbl. 9, 16.
  • Sió wund bið ðæs ðe wierse,

      Past. 17; Swt. 123, 18.
  • Heó wæs ðe wyrse

    deterius habebat,

      Mk. Skt. 5, 26.
  • Seó frecednes dæghwamlíce wæs wyrse and wyrse,

      Bd. 4, 32; S. 611, 24. (2 a)
    where injury is done to a person in respect to his well-being :-- Se ðe óðerne mid wó forsecgan wille, ðæt hé áðer oþþe feó oþþe freme ðá wyrse sý, L. C. S. 16; Th. i. 384, 24.
  • Hí dydan mycelne hearm ábútan Hámtúne . . . swá ðæt seó scír and ða óðra scíra, ðæ ðǽr neáh sindon, wurdon fela wintra ðe wyrsan,

      Chr. 1065; Erl. 197, 11.
of the condition of affairs, of an (unfavourable) circumstance or event
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  • Mé ðǽr wyrse gelamp, ðonne ic tó hyhte ágan móste,

      Cd. Th. 275, 22; Sat. 175.
  • Hit him wyrse gelomp,

      272, 26; Sat. 125.
  • Wæs ǽfre heora æftra sýð wyrse ðonne se ǽrra,

      Chr. 1001; Erl. 137, 14.
  • Swá wearð hit fram dæge tó dæge lætre and wyrre,

      1066; Erl. 202, 17.
  • Ne wearð wyrse dǽd (

    more disastrous act

    ) monnum gemearcod,
      Cd. Th. 37, 24; Gen. 594.
  • Hé áwende hit him tó wyrsan þinge,

      17, 13; Gen. 259.
  • Hé tǽhte Absalone óðerne rǽd wyrsan tó his willan,

      Homl. Skt. i. 19, 206.
  • Wéne ic tó ðé wyrsan þinga, gif ðú Grendles dearst bídan,

      Beo. Th. 1055; B. 525.
of that which is harmful, painful, etc.
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  • Hí nǽfre wyrsan handplegan on Angelcynne ne gemitton

    they never met with harder fighting in England,

      Chr. 1004; Erl. 138, note 7.
  • Ðý læs God ús sende on wyrsan tintrego,

      Blickl. Homl. 243, 20.
  • Ðæra synfullena deáþ byð se wyrsta (wyrresta, Ps. Surt.: wyrst, Ps. Spl.,

    pessima

    ),
      Ps. Th. 33, 21.
  • Wilddeóra ðæt wyrreste (grimmeste,

      Exon. Th. 371, 29) . . . wyrmcynna ðæt grimmeste (wyrreste, Exon. Th. 371, 32), Soul Kmbl. 164-167; Seel. 82-84.
  • Se deófol slóh lób mid ðære wyrstan wunde (

    with the most grievous disorder

    ),
      Homl. Th. ii. 452, 26.
  • Mid ðý werrestan áttre

    with the most virulent poison,

      Shrn. 84, 28.
  • On ðone wyrrestan deáð

    to the most cruel death,

      Andr. Kmbl. 172; An. 86.
  • We[r]stum gedrecenyssum

    saevissimis afflictionibus,

      Hpt. Gl. 409, 59.
  • Getogen tó ðǽm wyrstan tintregum,

      Blickl. Homl. 245, 1.
  • Ða werrestan tintrega,

      229, 25.
  • Wyrrestan,

      Exon. Th. 257, 20; Jul. 250: Elen. Kmbl. 1860; El. 932.
marking inferiority
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  • Hé bið swíðe gelíc sumum ðara gumena ðe him þringaþ ymbe útan; gif hé wyrsa ne bið, ne wéne ic his ná beteran,

      Met. 25, 20.
  • Ǽlc man sylþ ǽrest gód wín, and ðonne hig druncene beóð ðæt ðe wyrse (wyrest, Rush.: wurresta, Lind.,

    deterius

    ) byð,
      Jn. Skt. 2, 10.
  • Hé ðæt betere geceás, and ðam wyrsan wiðsóc,

      Elen. Kmbl. 2078; El. 1040.
  • On ðone wyrsan dǽl scyrede,

      Exon. Th. 75, 24; Cri. 1226.
  • On ða wyrsan hand,

      Salm. Kmbl. 998; Sal. 500.
  • Onwendan heora wuldor on ðæne wyrsan hád styrces,

      Ps. Th. 105, 17.
  • Wyrsan wígfrecan,

      Beo. Th. 4985; B. 2496.
  • Buccena flǽsc is wyrrest,

      Lchdm. ii. 196, 17.
  • Gif wé willaþ syllan úre ðæt wyrste Gode,

      Blickl. Homl. 41, 8.
Etymology
[Goth. wairsiza; cpve.: O. Sax. wirsa; cpve.; wirsista; spve.: O. Frs. wirra; cpve.: O. H. Ger. wirsiro; cpve.; wirsisto; spve.: Icel. verri; cpve.; verstr; spve.]
Similar entries
v. weorr.
Linked entries
v.  wyrrest yfel wurst weorr wersa.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • wirsa, adj.