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Anglo-Saxon

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Wóden

  • noun [ masculine ]
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Grammar
Wóden, es; m.
Woden, one of the Teutonic deities. Among the Roman gods Mercury seems to have been thought most nearly to correspond, and Wóden is rendered by Mercurius, e. g.
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  • Wóden

    Mercurium,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 114, 4.
  • Cf. Saga mé hwá ǽrost bócstafas sette. Ic ðé secge, Mercurius se gygand,

      Salm. Kmbl. p. 192, 7: 200, 24.
  • The name is of rare occurrence in the literature

    Wóden worhte weós, wuldor alwalda rúme roderas,

      Exon. Th. 341, 28; Gn. Ex. 133.
  • Wyrm com snícan, tóslát hé man ; ðá genam Woden viiii. wuldortánas, slóh ðá ða næddran, ðæt heó on viiii tófleáh,

      Lchdm. iii. 34, 23. ¶
    Woden is found in most of the genealogies of the old English royal families :-- Ðæs (Wihta) fæder wæs Wóden nemned, of ðæs strýnde monigra mǽgþa cyningcynn fruman lǽdde, Bd. I. 15; S. 483, 30.
  • Fram ðan Wódne áwóc eall úre cynecynn, and Súðan-Hymbra eác. Chr. 449; Erl. 13, 20: 547; Erl. 16, 13: 560; Erl. 16, 32: 855; Erl. 70, 9.
  • See Grimm's Teutonic Mythology, Stallybrass's translation, vol. i. p. 163, vol. iv. pp. 1709 sqq. ¶ the word is found in place-names, e. g. Wódnes beorg, Wodnes den, Wódnes díc,

      Cod. Dip. Kmbl. vi. 355.
  • See also Wódnes-dæg.
Etymology
[We (the Saxons) habbeð godes gode . . . þe þridde næhte Woden . . . Woden hende þa næhste laȝe, Laym. 13897-13921. O. L. Ger. Wódan: O. H. Ger. Wuotan: Icel. Óðinn.]
Similar entries
v. Óðen.
Full form

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  • Wóden, n.