Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

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irre

  • adjective
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Grammar
irre, yrre; adj.
Gone astray, wandering, confused, perverse, depraved
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  • Ðæt wæs earfoþcynn yrre and réðe

    genus pravum et peramarum,

      Ps. Th. 77, 10.
  • Óþ ðæt his eáge biþ æfþancum ful yrre geworden

    until his eye is filled with evil thoughts and gone astray,

      Salm. Kmbl. 994; Sal. 498.
  • Sumum méces ecg yrrum ealowósan ealdor óþþringeþ

    the edge of the sword crushes the life out of one, confused [or angry?] and mad with drink,

      Exon. 87 b; Th. 330, 10; Vy. 49.
  • Ealle synt yrre ða ðe unwíse heora heortan hige healdaþ mid dysige

    turbati sunt omnes insipientes corde,

      Ps. Th. 75, 4.
angry, enraged, wrathful, indignant
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  • And ierre hé hwearf ðonan

    and he went away in a rage,

      Chr. 584; Erl, 18, 25.
  • Iorra

    iratus,

      Rtl. 179, 36.
  • Hwí eart ðú yrre

    quare iratus es?

      Gen. 4, 6.
  • Se cyning wæs yrre wið mé,

      41, 10.
  • Hé wæs mé yrre,

      Deut. 1, 37.
  • Ðá wearþ, yrre god and ðam werode wráþ,

      Cd. 2 ; Th. 3, 12; Gen. 34.
  • Ne hine nǽnig man yrne ne grammódne ne funde

    nor did any man find him angry or cruel,

      Blickl. Homl. 223, 33.
  • Þurh yrne hyge

    with anger, purpose,

      Exon. 16 b; Th. 36, 10; Cri. 620.
  • Hé hine on yrre mód gebrohtan

    exacerbaverunt eum,

      Ps. Th. 77, 40.
  • Ða irran [Cott. MS. ierran] nyton hwæt hie on him selfum habbaþ and eác ðætte wierse is ðætte hie ful oft wénaþ ðætte hiera hierre [Cott. MS. ierre] síe ryhtwíslíc anda

    ignorant quidquid a semetipsis patiuntur irati ; nonnunquam vero, quod est gravius, iræ suæ stimulum justitiæ zelum putant,

      Past. 40, 1 ; Swt. 289, 10.
  • Hie wǽron tó ðon hátheortlíce yrre ðæt hie woldan ðone cásere cwicenne forbærnan

    they were so furiously enraged, that they wanted to burn the emperor alive,

      Blickl. Homl. 191, 11.
  • Yrre wǽron begen réðe

    angry were both and fierce,

      Beo. Th. 1543; B. 769.
Etymology
[Forð wende þe eorl ire [2nd MS. yr] on his mode, Laym. 18597 : Þe eorre Demare iratus Judex, A. R. 304, 24: Goth. airzis wisan or wairþan to go astray, err; airzei, airziþa error; airzjan to lead astray : O. Sax. irri angry; irrian to disturb, confuse : O. L. Ger. irrón errare, commovere : O. H. Ger. irri vagus, lascivus; irre sín errare; irra-heit error; irrado impedimentum : irran impedire, confundere; irrón errare, apostatare : Ger. irre confused, wandering; irren to err, go astray. Cf. irsian, and see Diefenbach i. 21 : Grff. i. 449 sqq.]
Similar entries
v. eorre.
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  • irre, adj.