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Anglo-Saxon

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þearfan

  • verb [ weak ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
þearfan, p. de; pp. ed
To need, suffer need
Show examples
  • Nú ðú ðæt swá openlíce ongiten hæfst, ne þearfe ic nú náuht swíþe ymbe ðæt swincan,

      Bt. 35, 3; Fox 158, 8.
  • Úre ceaster is þearfende ... wé þoliaþ ðone heardestan hungor,

      Ap. Th. 9, 7.
  • Ðú, þíne þearfende

    thou, needing food

    (? v. þigen, II),
      Cd. Th. 149, 25; Gen. 2480.
  • Ðæt ðú miltsige mé þearfendum,

      Exon. Th. 269, 13; Jul. 449.
  • Ic ðé biddan wille miltse ðínre mé þearfendre,

      Judth. Thw. 22, 29; Jud. 85.
  • Wé ðearfende þearle syndon

    pauperes facti sumus nimis,

      Ps. Th. 78, 8.
  • Ða ðe hira hláf sellaþ ðǽm synfullum ðe ðearfende beóþ, nalles for ðæm ðe hié synfulle beóþ ac for ðæm ðe hié menn beóþ and ðearfende beóþ

    qui indigenti etiam peccatori panem suum, non quia peccator, sed quia homo est, tribuit,

      Past. 44; Swt. 327, 8.
  • ¶ The present participle, as adjective or as substantive, often occurs,
as adjective,
indigent, needy, poor
Show examples
  • Hé sǽde ðæt hé folclíc man wǽre and ðearfende

    rusticum se et pauperem fuisse respondit,

      Bd. 4, 22; S. 591, 6.
  • Widua ðiós ðærfen[de] (ðorfende, Rush.)

    uidua haec pauper,

      Mk. Skt. Lind. 12, 43.
  • On ðearfendum lífe and on earmlícum

    in humili et paupere vita,

      Bd. 4, 13; S. 582, 23: 1, 15; S. 484, 7.
  • Of ðearfendum folce

    de paupere vulgo,

      4, 22; S. 591, 34.
  • Ða ðearfendan láfe Brytta

    pauperculae Brittonum reliquiae,

      1, 13; S. 481, 41.
  • Ǽnig gemynd þearfendra manna,

      Blickl. Howl. 69, 10.
  • Brec ðínne hláf þearfendum mannum,

      37, 20: 75, 23: 109, 14.
  • Ðæt hé sealde sum þping þearfendum mannum (

    egenis

    ),
      Jn. Skt. 13, 29.
as substantive,
a poor person; mostly in plural,
the poor
Show examples
  • Ðone þearfendan áreccan

    erigens pauperem,

      Ps. Th. 112, 6.
  • Eádge biðon ða ðærfendo (ðorfendo, Lk. Skt. Lind. 6, 20)

    beati pauperes,

      Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 5, 3.
  • Þearf endra béne

    orationes pauperum,

      Ps. Th. l01, 15: 108, 30.
  • Hleó ðarfendra

    refugium pauperum,

      Rtl. 40, 25.
  • Hé þearfendra éhte

    persecutus est hominem pauperem,

      Ps. Th. 108, 16.
  • Se ðe his ǽhta þearfendum (

    pauperibus

    ) gedǽleþ,
      111, 8.
  • Ðearfendum,

      Past. 44; Swt. 327, 20.
  • Ðarfendum

    egenis,

      Lk. Skt. Rush. 12, 5.
  • Þearfendum and ælþeódigum

    peregrinis et egentibus,

      Cod. Dip. B. i. 155, 5.
  • Hé fédde þearfende,

      Homl. Skt. ii. 31, 53.
  • Ða þearfendan Drihten gehýreþ, Ps. Th. 68, 34.(b)

    a miserable person :-- Biþ ðæt þridde þearfendum (the wicked )

    sorg,
      Exon. Th. 79, 4; Cri. 1285.
Etymology
[Goth. ga-þarban maté άπέχεσθαι βρωμάτων, 1 Tim. 4, 3: O. H. Ger. darbén carere.]
Similar entries
v. be-, mete-, weoruld-, wine-þearfende; þearfedness, þearfend-líc; þearfian.
Linked entries
v.  þearfende be-þearfaþ be-þearfende ge-þearfan.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • þearfan, v.