ÁÞ
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
ÁÞ
es; m. I. an OATH, a swearing; juramentum Ðú agyltst ðine áþes reddes juramenta tua, Mt. Bos. 5, 33. Ðá behét he mid áþe pollicitus est cum juramento, 14, 7. 9. He áþ swereþ þurh his selfes líf he sweareth an oath by his own life, Cd. 163; Th. 205, 5 ; Exod. 431 : Ps. Th. 131, 11. Hí sealdon unwillum hálige áþas they gave unwillingly holy oaths, Bt. Met. Fox 1, 49; Met. 1, 25. Gif ðæt geswutelod wǽre, oððe him áþ burste, oððe ofercýðed wǽre if that were made evident, or an oath failed to them, or were out proven, L. Ed. 3 ; Th. i. 180, 20. Nú on worulde hér monnum ne deriaþ máne áþas now here in the world wicked [false] oaths do not inflict injury on men, Bt. Met. Fox 4, 96; Met. 4, 48. Mid unforedan áþe with an unbroken oath; pleno juramento, L. Wil. ii. 3 ; Th. i. 489, 25. Ðæt he ðonne áþ funde gif he mæhte ungecorenne that he bring forward the oath of persons unchosen if he could, L. Ed. 1 ; Th. i. 158, 18. II. every accusation must be verified by oath : the accused and his witness then replied also upon oath; thus, 1. Ðæs áþ ðe his ǽhte bryideþ, ðæt he ne dǽþ ne for hete ne for hóle 'On ðone Drihten, ne teó ic N. ne for hete ne for hóle ne for unrihtre feohgynesse; ne ic nán sóþre nát; búte swá mín secga me sǽde, and ic sylf to sóþe talige, ðæt he mines orfes þeóf wǽre' The oath of him, who takes his [own] property, that he does it neither for hatred nor for envy :-- 'By the Lord, I accuse not N. neither for hatred nor for envy, nor for unlawful lust of gain; nor know I anything soother; but as my informant to me said, and I myself in sooth think, that he was the thief of my property.' 2. Ðæs óðres áþ ðe he is unscyldig 'On ðone Driliten, ic eom unscyldig, ǽgþer ge dǽde ge dihtes æt ðære tíhtlan ðe N. me tíhþ' The other's oath that he is guiltless :-- 'By the Lord, I am guiltless, both in deed and purpose, of the accusation of which N. accuses me.' 3. His geféran áþ ðe him mid standaþ 'On ðone Drihten, se áþ is clǽne and unmǽne ðe N. swór' His companion's oath who stands with him :-- 'By the Lord, the oath is clean and unperjured which N. has sworn,' A-ÞRYSMAN." num="b0058" title="Page b0058 - ÁÞ-BRICE — A-ÞRYSMAN.">L. O. 4-6; Th. i. 180, 8-19. III. Ánfeald áþ [lád] a simple oath [exculpation]; simplex juramentum [purgatio] hoc est, accipiat duos, et sit ipse tertius, et sic jurando conquirat simplicem purgationem. Þrýfeald áþ a threefold oath; triplex juramentum, hoc est, accipiat quinque, et ipse sit sextus, L. C. S. 22 ; Th. i. 388, 11, 12, and note b. [Plat. éd : O. Sax. éð : O. Frs. eth, ed : Dut. eed : Ger. eid : M. H. Ger. eit ; gen. eides : O. H. Ger. eid : Goth. aiþs : Dan. eed : Swed. ed : O. Nrs. eiðr, m.] v. ánfeald áþ.
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