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Anglo-Saxon

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ÍDEL

  • adjective
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Grammar
ÍDEL, adj.
Wright's OE grammar
§126; §431; §639;
empty
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  • Tó hwan mæg ðis eorþlíce hús gif hit ýdel stent? Hit ne biþ ná hús búton hit beó mid híréde áfylled

    what purpose can this earthly house serve, if it stand empty? It is not a house unless it be filled with a household,

      Homl. Th. ii. 502, 12.
  • Is nú forðí gehwilcum men tó hogienne ðæt hé ýdel ne cume his Drihtne tógeánes on ðam gemǽnelícum ǽriste

    now is it therefore for every man to take care that he come not empty-handed to meet his Lord at the general resurrection,

      558, 18.
  • Ðonne se geohsa of ðære ídlan wambe cymþ

    when the hiccup comes from the empty stomach,

      L. M. 1, 18; Lchdm. ii. 60, 28.
  • Ídelne hine forléton

    dimiserunt eum inanem,

      Lk. Skt. 20, 10, 11.
  • Sáwle ídle

    animam inanem,

      Ps. Th. 106, 8.
  • Hé forlét ða rícan ídele,

      Homl. Th. i. 204, 6.
not possessing, destitute, void, devoid [with gen.]
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  • Londrihtes mót monna ǽghwilc ídel hweorfan

    every man must wander destitute of land-right,

      Beo. Th. 5768; B. 2888.
  • Se deófol on sumum uncystum gebringþ ðone ðe hé gemét ídelne ǽlces gódes weorces

    the devil brings into some vices him whom he finds devoid of every good work,

      L. E. I, 3; Th. ii. 404, 13.
  • Ða ðe ídle beóþ swelcra giefa

    those who are devoid of such gifts,

      Past. 9 ; Swt. 59. 17.
vain, useless, idle, to no purpose
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  • Seó eorþe wæs ýdel and æmtig

    terra erat inanis et vacua,

      Gen. 1, 2.
  • Ídel sangere

    temelici,

      Ælfc. Gl. 61; Som. 68, 57; Wrt. Voc. 39, 40.
  • Eall eówer geswinc biþ ídel

    consumetur incassum labor vester,

      Lev. 26, 20.
  • Ýdel biþ se lǽcedom ðe ne mæg ðone untruman gehǽlan, swá biþ eác ýdel seó lár ðe ne gehǽlþ ðære sáwle leahtras

    vain is the medicine that cannot heal the sick; so also is the doctrine vain that does not heal the sins of the soul,

      Homl. Th. i. 60, 11.
  • Wese wíc heora wéste and ídel

    fiat habitatio eorum deserta,

      Ps. Th. 68, 26.
  • Unnyt oððe ýdel

    supervacuus,

      Ælfc. Gr. 47; Som. 48, 46.
  • Oft biþ swíðe íðel and unnyt ðara yfelena manna hreówsung

    plerumque mali inutiliter compunguntur,

      Past. 54, 4; Swt. 431, 1.
  • Ðes wída grund stód ídel and unnyt,

      Cd. 5; Th. 7, 14; Gen. 106 : Beo. Th. 830; B. 413 : 293; B. 145.
  • Man byþ merwe gesceaft mihtum ídel

    homo vanitati similis factum est,

      Ps. Th. 143. 5.
  • Ídel gelp him on ne rícsode

    vanæ gloriæ contemptorem,

      Bd. 3, 17; S. 545, 9.
  • Ídel gylp

    vanitas,

      Ps. Th. 51, 6.
  • Ídel searu,

      138, 17.
  • Ídel gielp

    inanis gloria,

      Past. 62, 1; Swt. 457, 20.
  • Ídel wuldor

    vainglory,

      Exon. 33 a; Th. 107, 12; Gú. 57.
  • Hé nǽfre nóht leásunga ne ídeles leóþes wyrcean ne mihte

    nihil unquam frivoli et supervacui poematis facere potuit,

      Bd. 4, 14; S. 596, 42.
  • Ða bodan ðæs ídlan fætes

    the messengers of the useless vessel,

      Past. 47, 3 ; Swt. 361, 16.
  • Hig ðá æfter ridon ídelum færelde

    they rode after, but their journey was to no purpose,

      Jos. 2, 7.
  • Guman geþancas ídle synt

    cogitationes hominum vanæ sunt,

      Ps. Th, 93, 11.
  • Ðǽr ðæt heáfod biþ unhál eall ða limu bióþ ídelu

    languente capite membra incassum vigent,

      Past. 18, 2 ; Swt. 129, 8.
  • Ýdele spellunga

    fabulæ,

      Ælfc. Gr. 50, 29; Som. 52, 2.
  • Ne hí dǽr ǽnig unnit ne geþafian ne ídele spǽce ne ídele dǽde,

      L. Edg. C. 26; Th. ii. 250, 6: Hy. 7, 108; Hy. Grn. ii. 289, 108.
  • Ídel word

    idle words,

      Exon. 37 a ; Th. 120, 30; Gú. 279.
  • On ídel

    in vain;

    nequiquam,
      Ælfc. Gr. 38; Som. 41, 55.
  • On ídel gé swincaþ and eówre fýnd his brúcaþ

    frustra seretis sementem, quæ ab hostibus devorabitur,

      Lev. 26, 16.
  • Ne nemne gé drihtnes naman on ídel,

      Deut. 5, 11.
  • Ne sint hig eów on ídel beboden

    non incassum præcepta sunt vobis,

      32, 47.
  • On ídel hí mé wurðiaþ

    in vanum me colunt,

      Mk. Skt. 7, 7 : Ps. Th. 62, 8.
idle, unemployed
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  • Hé geseah óðre on strǽte ídele standan

    vidit alios stantes in foro otiosos,

      Mt. Kmbl 20, 3.
  • Hwí stande gé hér eallne dæg ídele, 6 : Exon 92 a; Th. 345,

      6; Gn. Ex. 184.
Etymology
[Orm. Piers P. Chauc. on ídel in vain : O. Sax. ídal: O. Frs. ídel : O. H. Ger. ítal vanus, inanis : Ger. eitel.]
Similar entries
v. mán-ídel.
Linked entries
v.  a-ýdlig.
Full form

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  • ÍDEL, adj.