MÆGEN
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Neuter
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
MÆGEN
T. es; n. I. MAIN, might, strength, force, power, vigour, efficacy, virtue, faculty, ability Úrum líchoman cymþ eall his mægen of ðam mete ðe wé þicgaþ all its strength comes to our body from the food that we take, Bt. 34, 11; Fox 150, 34. Ðæt mycle mægen mínra handa the mighty power of my hands. Ps. Th. 80, 13. Micel drihten úre and micel mægen his Magnus Dominus noster, et magna virtus ejus, Ps. Spl. 146, 5. Ðǽm monnum ðe him mægen and cræft wiexþ eác hwílum eákiaþ æfter ðæm mægenum ða costunga crescente virtute plerumque bella tentationis augentur, Past. 21, 5; Swt. 163, 8. Se wæs moncynnes mægenes strengest he was mightiest among men, Beo. Th. 395; B. 196. Nánne man ðæs ne tweóþ ðæt se seó strong on his mægene ðe mon gesihþ ðæt stronglíc weorc wyrcþ nemo dubitat esse fortem, cui fortitudinem inesse conspexerit, Bt. 16, 3; Fox 54, 28. Ǽr hí geseón Godes ríce on mægne cuman donec videant regnum dei veniens in virtute, Mk. Skt. 9, 1. Hé sealde ǽghwylcum be hys ágenum mægene dedit unicuique secundum propriam virtutem, Mt. Kmbl. 25, 15. Lufa ðínne drihten mid eallum mægne diliges dominum tuum ex tota fortitudine tua, Deut. 6, 5. Of eallum ðínum mihtum and of eallum ðínum mægene ex omnibus viribus tuis et ex omni mente tua, Lk. Skt. 10, 27. Eallon mægene tilian, Bt. 24, 2 ; Fox 82, 6. Wiðstandan ealle mægene, Past. 15, 1; Swt. 91, 1: Beo. Th. 5328; B. 2667. Ðú ne wénst ðæt heó mǽge swá mycel mægen habban you will not expect that the plant can have so great efficacy. Herb. 12, 4; Lchdm. i. 104, 12. Hé moncynnes mǽste hæfde mægen and strengo, Cd. 79; Th. 98, 19; Gen. 1632. Ða ðe snyttro mægn and módcræft mǽste hæbben those who in the greatest degree have wisdom, ability and mental power, Elen. Kmbl. 815; El. 408. Ðonne hí ðæt mægen ðære unmǽtan hǽto áræfnan ne mihton cum vim fervoris immensi tolerare non possent, Bd. 5, 12; S. 627, 41. Mægyn and mihta (angeli) potentes virtute. Ps. Th. 102, 19. Eall his bearna mægen omnes virtutes ejus, 20. Seó sýfernes and óðre mægnu sobrietas et alie virtutes, Prud. 54a: 64a. Ðá sóðan welan ðæt sind hálige mægnu the true riches, they are holy virtues, Homl. Th. ii. 88, 310. Mægenu, Basil admn. 2; Norm. 38, 9. Mægno and cræftas, Bt. 32, 1; Fox 116, 1. Wísdóm módur eallra mægena virtutum omnium nutrix, 10; Fox 26, 24. Mycelre mægna fǽmne magnarum virgo virtutum, Bd. 3, 8; S. 531, 12. Geleáfa is ealra mægena fyrmest, Homl. Th. 1. 134, 2. Geþyld is wyrtruma ealra háligra mægna, and ungeþyld is ealra mægna tóstencednys, ii. 544, 6. Þurh dínra mægna spéd through the abundance of thy powers, Bt. Met. Fox 20, 516; Met. 20, 258: Cd. 1; Th. 1. 6; Gen. 3. Eallum hire mihtum and mægenum, L. M. 3, 63; Lchdm. ii. 352, 5. Ða ðe faraþ fram leahtrum tó mæignum those who pass from vices to virtues, Homl. Th. ii. 54, 26. Mægnum, Prud. 28a. Ðá ongunnon hí mód and mægen niman . . . Mód and mægen Bryttas onféngon ceperunt illi vires animosque resumere . . . vires capessunt Brittones, Bd. 1, 16; S. 484, 15-19. Ðeáh ðe ic nú gyt ða ǽrran mægen ne hæbbe etsi necdum vires pristinas recepi, 5, 3; S. 616, 34: 5, 4; S. 617, 25. Heó hæfþ ðás mægnu it (henbane) has these virtues, Herb. 5, 1; Lchdm. i. 94, 10. Megene vires, Kent. Gl. 930. II. an exercise of power, effort, a mighty work, miracle Mægene conamine. Wit. Voc. ii. 24, 57. Hé ne mihte ǽnig mægen wyrcan non poterat virtutem ullam facere, Mk. Skt. 6, 5. Án mægen and án wundor of monegum ásecgan unum e pluribus virtutis miraculum enarrare, Bd. 3, 2; S. 524, 38. Monige mægen and hǽlotácen gefremede wǽron innumeræ virtutes sanitatum noscuntur esse patratæ, S. 524, 28. On him synd mægenu geworht, Mk. Skt. 6, 14. Ða burga on ðám wǽrun gedóne manega hys mægena, Mt. Kembl. 11, 20. III. a force, military force Gif ðet full mægen ðǽre wǽre ne eodan hí nǽfre eft tó scipon if the full force had been there, they would never have got back to the ships, Chr. 1004; Erl. 139, 34. Úre mægen lytlaþ our force lessens. Byrht. Th. 140, 65; By. 313. Mægen, folc Ebréa, Judth. 12; Thw. 25, 15, 10; Jud. 261, 253. Werod, módigra mægen, Cd. 147; Th. 184, 2; Exod. 101: 158; Th. 197, 1; Exod. 300. Mægen forþgewát, 160; Th. 199, 30; Exod. 346. Mægen (the Egyptian army) wæs ádrenced, 166; Th. 206, 28; Exod. 458. Seó sibgedriht bád máran mægenes the Israelites awaited the greater force of the Egyptians, 154; Th. 191, 15; Exod. 215. Mægenes wísa (Belshazzar), 209; Th. 260, 2; Dan. 703. Se wæs mid his dǽdum snelra ðonne hé mæ[ge]nes hæfde he was quicker in his actions than in proportion to the force he had; celeritate magis quam virtute fretus, Ors. 2, 5; Swt. 78, 27. Hé self fór ðǽrtó mid eallum ðæm mægene ðe hé ðǽrtó gelǽdan mehte he himself marched thither with all the troops that he could lead there, Swt. 80, 24. Martyra mægen unlytel no small host of martyrs, Andr. Kmbl. 1752; An. 878: Beo. Th. 894; B. 445. Mægen unríme hosts innumerable, Elen. Kmbl. 121; El. 61. [O. Sax. megin: Icel. magn and megin: O. H. Ger. magan, megin, robur, vigor, vis, virtus, fortitudo.] DER. beadu-, deáþ-, eal-(æl-), eorþ-, eorl-, folc-, gæst-, gesíþ-, hand-, here-, heáh-, heofon-, holm-, hord-, leód-, lof-, ofer-, rǽd-, tóþ-, þeód-mægen.
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