sacu
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Feminine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
sacu
e; f. I. strife, contention, dissension, sedition, dispute Sacu seditio, Wrt. Voc. i. 21, 30. Seó sacu (seditio ) árás, Num. 16, 42. Wearð sacu (rixa) betwux Abrames hyrdemannum and Lothes ... Abram cwæð tó Lothe : 'Ic bidde ðæt nán sacu (jurgium ) ne sig betwux mé and ðé,' Gen. 13, 7, 8. Ðanun mæg áspringan seó mǽste sacu and se mǽsta swice ealra ungeþwǽrnessa exinde grauissima occasio scandalorum oriri potest, R. Ben. 129, 8. Drihten cwæð : 'Ðonne gé gehýraþ on middangearde gefeoht and sace ne beó gé áfyrhte.' Gefeoht belimpþ tó feóndum and sacu tó ceastergewarum. Mid ðám wordum hé gebícnode ðæt wé sceolon þolian wiðútan gewinn fram úrum feóndum and eác wiðinnan fram úrum néhgebúrum láðlíce ungeþwǽrnyssa, Homl. Th. ii. 538, 12-17. Hé (Caligula ) mǽnde ðæt ðǽr ðá næs swelc sacu swelc ðǽr oft ǽr wæs, and hé self fór oft on óðra lond, and wolde gewin findan, ac hé ne mehte búton sibbe, Ors. 6, 3; Swt. 256, 28. Sceal Geáta leódum and Gár-Denum sib gemǽnum, and sacu restan, Beo. Th. 3719; B. 1857. Ðæne ðe wæs for sumere sace (propter seditionem ) on cwerterne, Lk. Skt. 23, 25. Moises genemde ða stówe Costung for Israhéla bearna sace propter jurgium filiorum Israel, Ex. 17, 7. Ðæt hié under ðære sibbe tó ðære mǽstan sace becóme, Ors. 4, 7; Swt. 182, 28. Sace militiam, Hpt. Gl. 494. 70. Grendel wan wið Hróðgár, wæg singale sæce, sibbe ne wolde, Beo. Th. 310; B. 154. Lǽt sace restan, láð leódgewin, Exon. Th. 254, 21; Jul. 200. Saca lites, Kent. Gl. 575. Of sacum rixis, 635. Ne mæg ic ána ácuman eówre saca (jurgia ), Deut. 1, 12. Mænigfealde saca on ðære geférǽdenne wyrcþ dissensiones in congregatione faciunt, R. Ben. 124, 9. II. distress, trouble, affliction, persecution Ðǽr eów is sacu bútan ende grim gǽstcwalu in hell is trouble without end for you devils, fierce torment of spirit, Exon. Th. 142, 27; Gú. 650. Ðǽr biþ á gearu wraðu wannhálum wíta gehwylces sæce and sorge there shall be ever ready for the wretched support against every infliction, against distress and care, Elen. Kmbl. 2059; El. 1031. Ne þearft ðú sár níwigan and sæce rǽran (cf. Gi werðat ók só sálige thes in saka biodat liudí blessed are ye when men shall persecute you, Hel. 1336), 1879; El. 941. Ðǽr hé hæfþ eal sár and sace, hungor and þurst, wóp and hreám, and weána má ðonne ǽniges mannes gemet sý ðæt hié áríman mǽge, Blickl. Homl. 61, 36. Seó sunsciéne siege þrowade, sace singrimme, Exon. Th. 256, 11; Jul. 230. III. crime, guilt Nis ðǽr on ðam londe synn ne sacu non huc adit scelus infandum (cf. O þatt an bukk he leȝȝde All þeȝȝre sake and sinne, Orm. 1335. He alátan mag saka endi sundea he can forgive sins, Hel. 1009), 201, 10; Ph. 54. Ðá wæs synn and sacu Sweóna and Geáta, wróht gemǽne, Beo. Th. 4935; B. 2472. IV. a contention at law, a suit, cause, action Nán sacu ðe betweox preóstan sí ne beó gescoten tó world-manna sóme no suit that there may be between priests shall be referred to the adjustment of secular men, L. Edg. C. 7; Th. ii. 246, 3. Gif man óðerne sace tihte if one man bring a suit against another (cf. ef man hwemu saka sókea, Hel. 1522), L. H. E. 8; Th. i. 30, 11. Hit betere wǽre ðæt heora seht tógædere wurde ðonne hý ǽnige sace hym betweónan heóldan it would be better that they should come to an agreement than that they should carry on any suit between them, Chart. Th. 377, 3. V. jurisdiction in litigious suits. For the first time apparently in charters of Edward the Confessor the phrase sac and sóc or sócn occurs, and in them it is frequent. It is thus explained in the Latin version of an Anglo-Saxon charter where it is found Ic an heom ealswá ðæt hý habben ðǽrofer saca and sócna iis (sanctus Petrus et fratres Westmonasterienses) etiam concedens ut insuper habeant priuilegium tenendi curiam ad causas cognoscendas et dirimendas lites inter uasallos et colonos suos ortas, cum potestate transgressores et calumniae reos mulctis efficiendi easque leuandi, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 202, 7, v. Stubbs, Const. H. i. 184, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. i. xliii sqq., Grmm. R. A. 854 sq. [Laym, sake strife : O. and N. cheste and sake : Goth. sakjó strife : O. Sax. saka : O. L. Ger. saca res, causa : O. Frs. sake, seke causa, res : O. H. Ger. sahha lis, causa, occasio, negotium, res : Icel. sök a charge, a crime, a suit, cause, sake.] v. sæcc.
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