scyldig
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Adjective
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
scyldig
adj. I. guilty, sinful, criminal Scyldig reus, Wrt. Voc. i. 49, 1: 86, 61: sons, Ǽlfc. Gr. 9, 39; Zup. 63, 14. Gif man wát, ðæt óðer mán sweraþ, hé biþ scildig (portabit iniquitatem suam ), gif hé hit forhilþ, Lev. 5, 1. Wæs gecueden tó ðæm scyldegan folce delinquenti populo dicitur, Past. 15, 1; Swt. 91, 2. Ðæt hé hine scyldigne ongete reum se cognoscat, Bd. 1, 27; S. 496, 33: Elen. Kmbl. 1380; El. 692. Hú hé ðæt scyldige werud forscrifen hefde, Cd. Th. 267, 4; Sat. 33. Scyldge men, Exon. Th. 71, 10; Cri. 1153. Scyldigra scolu, 98, 15; Cri. 1608: 132, 22; Gú. 476. Hendum scyldigra manibus nocentium, Rtl. 24, 11. Heó náuht ne þreáþ ðám scildigum, Bt. 4; Fox 8, 13. Earfeþu scyldgum tó sconde, Exon. Th. 78, 14; Cri. 1274. Hié ða scyldigan þearlwíslíce démaþ, Blickl. Homl. 63, 20. Stræc wið ða unryhtwísan and wið ða scyldgan, Past. 17, 5; Swt. 113, 23. I a. guilty of committing a crime, 1. with gen. of crime Se biþ éces gyltes scyldig reus erit aeterni delicti, Mk. Skt. 3, 29. Morðres scyldig, Beo. Th. 3370; B. 1683. Deáðes scyldig guilty of causing death, L. In. 5; Th. i. 104, 13. Mansleges scyldig, Blickl. Homl. 189, 34. Morðres scyldige . . . deáþes scyldige, 65, 10-11: H. R. 107, 1. 2. with inst. of crime Synnum scyldig, Beo. Th. 6135; B. 3071. Dǽdum scyldige, Cd. Th. 76, 35; Gen. 1267. Lehtrum scyldige, Andr. Kmbl. 2434; An. 1218. I b. guilty against (wið ) a person :-- Ǽlc man ðe yfel déþ mid yfelum willan is scyldig wið God, H. R. 105, 33: Cd. Th. 250, 20; Dan. 549. Menn wǽron deádlíce and wið heora Drihten scyldige, Hexam. 17; Norm. 24, 26: Blickl. Homl. 47, 21. II. responsible for, liable for, chargeable with an ill result, 1. with gen. Gif hwylc mæssepreóst untruman men sprǽce forwyrne, and hé on ðære tyddernesse swelte, sý hé on dómes dæg ðære sáwle scyldig (ejus animae reus ), L. Ecg. P. i. 2; Th. ii. 172, 29. Hé sceal mid réðnesse him stiére ðýlæs hé sié scyldig ealra hira scylda ne culparum omnium reus ipse teneatur, Past. 21, 5; Swt. 161, 1. Gif hwelc gód lǽce gesihþ, ðæt his hwam þearf biþ, and ðonne for his slǽwþe ágiémeleásaþ ðæt hé his helpe, ðonne wille wé cweðan ðæt hé sié genóg ryhtlíce his bróðor deáþes scyldig, 49, 1; Swt. 377, 21. Swá feala earmra manna swá on ðæs rícan neáweste sweltaþ, and hé him nele syllan his teóþungsceatta dǽl, ðonne biþ hé ealra ðara manna deáþes sceldig, Blickl. Homl. 53, 7. 2. with inst. Gif God him ne áraþ, ðonne beóþ hié suá monegum scyldum scyldige suá hié manegra unþeáwa gestíran meahton mid hiora lárum, gif hí ongemong monnum beón wolden ex tantis rei sunt, quantis venientes ad publicum prodesse potuerunt, Past. 5, 3; Swt. 45, 22. III. liable for a debt, bound by an obligation Swá hwá swá swereþ on ðæs temples golde se ys scyldig qui juraverit in auro templi, debet, Mt. Kmbl. 23, 16. Suǽ uoe forgefon scyldgum úsum (debitoribus nostris ), Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 6, 12. Syndrigum scyldgum singulis debitoribus, Lk. Skt. Lind. 16, 5. IV. liable to forfeiture, forfeiting 1. with gen. of forfeit Gif hwá ymb cyninges feorh sierwie, sié hé his feores scyldig and ealles ðæs ðe hé áge, L. Alf. pol. 4; Th. i. 64, 1: L. Ath. v. 1, 4; Th. i. 230, 6; 12. Hé æt wíge gecrang, ealdres scyldig, Beo. Th. 2680; B. 1338: 4128; B. 2061. Feores sceldig, Ps. C. 20. Sý hé scyldig his sylfes and ealles ðæs ðe hé áge, L. Ath. iv. prm.; Th. i. 220, 12. Beó hé. cxx. sciłł. scildig wið ðone cing, L. Ath. v. 1, 5; Th. i. 230, 11: L. In. 4; Th. i. 104, 10. Beó hé wið ðone cyninge scyldig ealles ðæs ðe hé áge, Wulfst. 271, 26. Se ðe ðæt gecwéme ne déþ, beó hé his inganges scyldig, Ch. Th. 606, 21. Sý hé his tungan scyldig, L. Edg. ii. 4; Th. i. 266, 25. 2. with inst. Ðú, ealdre scyldig, deáþe sweltest, Exon. Th. 250, 9; Jul. 124. Gebeád ðæt se wǽre aldre scyldig, se ðæs onsóce, Cd. Th. 244, 19; Dan. 450. V. liable to punishment, deserving of punishment Scyldig obnoxius, Wrt. Voc. ii. 115, 31. 1. with gen. of punishment Hé is deáþes scyldig reus est mortis, Mt. Kmbl. 26, 66: Mk. Skt. 14, 64. Ðú eart wið mé deáþes scyldig dignus es morte, Bd. 4, 23; S. 591, 41. 2. with dat.(?) Se ðe ofslihþ se byþ dóme (dómes, MS. A.) scyldig qui occiderit, reus erit judicio, Mt. Kmbl. 5, 21. Þe bið al swa sculdig þe þet uuel iþeuað swa þe þe hit deð, O. E. Homl. i. 113, 2. A. R. schuldi: O. Sax. skuldig guilty, liable to a payment or penalty: O. Frs. skeldech: O. H. Ger. sculdig reus, culpabilis, meritus, debitus, debitor, obnoxius.] v. feorh-, for-, god-, hand-, mán-, morþor-, þeóf-, þurh-, twí-, un-, wam-scyldig.
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