seóþan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
seóþan
p. seáþ, pl. sudon; pp. soden. I. to seethe, boil, cook in a liquid Ic seóþe coquo, Ælfc. Gr. 28, 5; Zup. 175, 16. Gif ðú seóþest rúdan on ele, Lchdm. ii. 206, 23. Gif mon sýþ gárleác on henne broþe, Lchdm. ii. 276, 15. Seóþ on wætere tó þriddan dǽle, i. 72, 2. Seóþ on wíne, 134, 4. Seóþaþ (coquite ) eówerne mete beforan ðæs temples dura, Lev. 8, 31. Seóþe on strangum wíne, Lchdm. i. 142, 2. Seóþan ða þingc ðe tó seóþenne synd coquere quae coquenda sunt, Coll. Monast. Th. 29, 19. II. metaph. 1. with the idea of purification, to subject to a fiery ordeal, to try as with fire Seóþeþ swearta lég synne on fordónum . . . óþ ðæt hafaþ ældes leóma woraldwidles wom forbærned, Exon. Th. 62, 1 ; Cri. 995. Ðú mé sude mid ðam fýre monegra earfoþa swá swá gold igne me examinasti, Ps. Th. 16, 3. 2. to subject to great pain, to afflict grievously Mé elþeódige searonet seóþaþ me barbarian snares afflict (?), Andr. Kmbl. 127; An. 64. Mid ðý hé ðá lange mid swígendum nearonessum his módes and mid ðý blindan fýre soden wæs cum diu tacitis mentes angoribus et caeco carperetur igni, Bd. 2, 13; S. 513. 34. Herebryht wæs mid singale untrumnesse soden and swenced, 4, 29; 8. 607, 41. Sorgwylmum soden, Exon. Th. 166, 21; Gú. 1046: 171, 7; Gú. 1123: 177, 32; Gú. 1236. Sárbennum soden, Andr. Kmbl. 2479; An. 1241. (2 a) to reduce by pain or disease :-- Heó swá swýðe mid ða untrumnysse soden wæs ðæt ða bán án tó láfe wǽron in tantum ea infirmitate decocta est, ut vix ossibus haereret, Bd. 4, 9; S. 577, 15. 3. to prepare food for the mind, to make fear, hope, etc., subjects with which the mind may be occupied; cf. to feed a person with hopes Ic ðæs módceare sorhwylmum seáþ on account of your dangerous journey anxiety was the food I prepared for my mind, Beo. Th. 3990; 1993. Swá ða mǽlceare maga Healfdenes singala seáþ Hrothgar had that care ever ready to feed his mind with, 382 ; B. 190. [O. Frs. siatha : O. H. Ger. siodan: Icel. sjóða: cf. Goth. sauths a burnt-offering.] v. á-, be-, for-, ofer-, tó-seóþan; ge-, healf-, sám-, unsoden.
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