sleán
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong, Contracted
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
§5,
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
sleán
p. slóh, slóg, slógh, pl. slógon; pp. slagen, slægen, slegen. A. trans. I. to strike an object, smite Gif ðú slehst si percusseris, Kent. Gl. 880. Gif man óðerne mid fyste in naso slæhþ, L. Ethb. 57; Th. i. 16, 17. Ðæt fell hlýt, ðonne hit mon sliehþ, Past. 46; Swt. 347, 5. Ðæt ár ðonne hit mon slihþ, 37 ; Swt. 267, 24. Ðám ðe ðé slihþ (slyhþ, MS. A. : sláeþ, Lind. ) on ðín gewenge, Lk. Skt. 6, 29. Ic sylfa slóh gréne tácne gársecges deóp, Cd. Th. 195, 21; Exod. 280. Ðonne hié (the serpent) mon slog oððe sceát, Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 174, 7. Hé ðone níðgæst slóh, ðæt ðæt sweord gedeáf, Beo. Th. 5392 ; B. 2699. Slóh ðá wundenlocc ðone feóndsceaþan fágum méce, Judth. Thw. 23, 3; Jud. 103. Sume hyne slógon (slogan. Lind. , Rush. ) on his ansýne mid hyra handum, and cwǽdon: Sege hwæt is se ðe ðé slóh (slóg, Rush. ) Mt. Kmbl. 26, 67, Me weras slógon and swungon, Andr. Kmbl. 1927; An. 966. Hí mé mid sweopum slógun, Exon. Th. 88, 18; Cri. 142.Ne sleá gé nánne neminem concutiatis, Lk. Skt. 3, 14. Sleáþ synnigne ofer seolfes múþ, Andr. Kmbl. 2601; An. 1302. Se ðe sleá (percusserit ) his fæder oððe his móder swelte hé deáþe, Ex. 21, 15. Gehýrde ic ðæt Eádweard ánne slóge swíðe mid his swurde, Byrht. Th. 135, 13; By. 117. Ðá beáh hé sleánde his breóst, H. R. 107, 11. Áhsa hwæðer hé ǽfre wǽre slegen on ða sídan. Lchdm. ii. 258, 23. Biþ slaegen percellitur, Wrt. Voc. ii. 117, 3. An slægenre in pacte, 48, 77. II. of special kinds of striking, a. to strike coin, to stamp money (cf. similar use in O. Frs. and Icel. ), cf. mynet-slege Wæs ðæs feós ofergewrit ðæs ylcan mynetsleges ðe man ðæt feoh on slóh, sóna ðæs forman geáres ðá Decius féng tó ríce. Homl. Skt. i. 23, 476. Ælc mynetere ðe man tíhþ ðæt fals feoh slóge. L. Eth. iii. 8; Th. i. 296, 12. Godes feoh biþ befæst myneterum tó sleánne, Homl. Th. ii. 554, 14. b. to forge a weapon (cf. Icel. ), . cf. slecg-hamer Sæt smiþ, slóh seax. Lchdm. iii. 52, 27. III. of a serpent, to sting Gif næddre sleá man, Lchdm. ii. no, 14. IV. to strike so as to kill, to slay Slés ðú occideris, Ps. Surt. 138, 19. Hé sléþ occideret, 77, 34. Mann slihþ ðínne oxan bos tuus immoletur. Deut. 28, 31. Ic slóg niceras, Beo. Th. 847; 6. 421: Exon. Th. 272, 4; Jul. 494. Ðonne God hié slóg (occideret), ðonne sóhton hié hine, Past. 36, 3; Swt. 251, 20: Beo. Th. 217; B. 108. Slógh, Bd. 3, 9 ; S. 533, 14. Hé slóh and fylde feond, Cd. Th. 124, 32; Gen. 2071. Se hagol slóh ealle ða þing ðe úte wǽron, ǽgðer ge men ge nýtenu. Ex. 9, 25. Slógon obruerunt, Wrt. Voc. ii. 65, 20. Abraham ne sleah ðín bearn, Cd. Th. 176, 18; Gen. 2913. Sleh, 204, 12; Exod. 418. Sleá man ðone leásan wítegan propheta Hie interficietur, Deut. 13, 5. Ðás folc sleán mid cwealmþreá, Cd. Th. 151, 10; Gen. 2506. Se eorl wolde sleán eaferan sínne, 203, 30; Exod. 411. On deáþ sleán (cf. Dan. at slaa ihjel) scyldige, 76, 34; Gen. 1267. Hé biþ . . . tó sleánne oðde tó álýsenne, L. Wih. 28 ; Th. i. 42, 25. Hié wǽron ða wǽpnedmen sleánde, Ors. l, 10; Swt. 48, 6. Wæs Fin slægen, Beo. Th. 2309; B. 1152. Sacerdas wǽron slægene, Bd. 1, 15; S. 484, 1. Ða hǽþenan wǽron slægne, 3, 24; S. 556, 29. . V. to make by striking, to strike fire, to make a mark, sound, signal by a stroke Ðá arn sum þeng and slóh tácen æt ðam gæte cucurrit minister, et pulsans ad ostium, Bd. 3, 11; S. 536, 17. Hé tácen mid his handa slóh sonitum manu faciens, 4, 3 ; S. 568, 6. Men tácen slógon, Guthl. 11; Gdwin. 54, 24: 12 ; Gdwin. 58, 23. Sleah feówer scearpan, Lchdm. ii. 100, 3 : 142, 18. Sleá him ánne spearcan, 290, 17. . V a. to strike a bargain (cf. Icel. slá kaupi) :-- Hig slógon heora wedd ǽgðer tó óðrum, Gen. 21, 27. VI. to strike, drive so as to cause impact Hé slóh fýr on feóndas he drove the fire on to the foes, Cd. Th. 237, 28; Dan. 344. VIa. metaph. :-- Ic wéne gif wit uncre word tósomne sleáþ, ðæt ðǽr ásprunge sum spearca sóþfæstnesse, Bt. 35, 5; Fox 164, 2. VI b. to pitch a tent, drive a stake into the ground (cf. Icel. slá landtjoldum; Ger. ein Lager schlagen) :-- Iacob slóh his geteld on ðæré dúne, Gen. 31, 25. Sleah ǽnne stacan onmiddan ðam ymb-hagan, Lchdm. i. 395, 4. Ða hét Moises sleán án geteld bútan hira wícstówe, Ex. 33, 7: Homl. Th. ii. 242, 8. Ða stówa ðe gé eówre geteld on sleán sceoldon, Deut. i. 33. VIc. to cast into chains (cf. O. Frs. on tha helda slein) :-- Hió sceolde ða men weorpan an wildedeóra líc and siððan sleán on ða raccentan and on copsas. Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 32. VII. to move by a stroke, to strike off a limb, etc. Hí slógon him of ðæt heáfod, Th. An. 122, 23. Sleá mon hond of oððe fót, L. In. 18; Th. i. 114, 7: 37; Th. i. 124, 23. VIII. metaph. to strike with disease, punishment, etc. , cf. a paralytic, apoplectic stroke Ic ástrecce mine hand and sleá Egipta land on eallum minum wundrum. Ex. 3, 20. Sliét concidet (cervices peccatorum), Blickl. Gl. Hí mid ðý wíte ðæs foresprecenan wræces slægene wǽron praefatae ultionis sunt poena multati, Bd. 4, 25 ; S. 601, 31. B. intrans. I. to strike, make a stroke Hé yrringa slóh in anger he struck, Beo. Th. 3135; B. 1565: 5350; B. 2679. On ðone eádgan andwlitan men hondum slógun, Exon. Th. 69, 22; Cri. 1124. Ðæt hé mé ongeán sleá, Beo. Th. 1367; B. 681. Ia. to strike as a smith does :-- Hé sulh heóld and on íren slóh and corn ðærsc and windwode. Shrn. 61, 18. II. to kill (the object not being expressed) Ne sleah ð ú, L. Alf. 5; Th. i. 44, 17. Slyh (sleh, MS. A. ), Mk. Skt. 10, 19. þeóf ne cymþ búton ðæt hé stele and sleá, Jn. Skt. 10, 10. Hié wǽron ða burg hergende and sleánde, Ors. 2, 8 ; Swt. 92, 16. III. to move rapidly (v. A. VI. ), rush, dash, break, take a certain direction; cf. to strike into a path, across a country (cf. Icel. slásk to betake ones self] Gesca sláet singultat (cf. Icel. impersonal use sló á hann hlátri he was seized with a fit of laughter). Wrt. Voc. ii. 120, 50. Ðǽr seolesburna sliht on meóne. Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 13, 31. Ðeáh swín beswemde weorþon, ðonne sleáþ hé eft on ða solu. Bt. 37, 4; Fox 192, 28. Hé on scip ástáh and slóh út on ða sǽput to sea, Ap. Th. 6, 6. Se lég slóh tó leofonum, Shrn. 73, 36. Ðá slóh ðǽr micel mist a great mist came on suddenly. Gen. 15, 17. Seó sǽ slóh tógædere occurrerunt aquae, Ex. 14, 27. Hé ofdrǽd slóh ádún ðǽrrihte terrified he straightway fell down as if struck (cf. Icel. slá sér niðr to throw one's self down on a bed), Homl. Skt. i. 23, 718. Ðá slóh ðǽr micel leóht fit æfter ðam englum (cf. Icel. impers. use, e. g. loganum sló út), Homl. Th. ii. 342, 7; 350, 24. On slógan incursere, Wrt. Voc. ii. 48, 1. Drenc wið deádum swile ðæt hé út sleá, Lchdm. ii. 74, 18: 102, 20. Ðý læs hit in sleá, 324, 3. Gif hié út sleán if they (pocks) break out, 106, 4. [Goth. slahan: O. Sax. slahan: O. Frs. slá: O. H. Ger. slahan: Icel. slá.] v. á-, be-, for-, ful-, ge-, of-, ofer-, tó-, wið-sleán; fýst-slægen.
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