tó-brecan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
tó-brecan
p. -bræc, pl. -brǽcon; pp. -brocen To break, break in pieces Ic tóbrece frango, Ælfc. Gr. 28, 6; Zup. 176, 8: rumpo, 177, 4. Tóbrocen contrita, Hpt. Gl. 482, 67. I. in reference to material objects, to break in two, to break to pieces, break up, to separate into parts by striking or pulling Hé (the patch of new cloth ) tóbrycþ hys stede on ðam reáfe, and se slite byþ ðe wyrsa, Mt. Kmbl. 9, 16. Ðú mé tóbrǽce (disrupisti) bendas grimme, Ps. Th. 115, 7. Hé ðone hláf tóbræc on twá, Blickl. Homl. 181, 16. Ða ǽrenan scyttelas hé ealle tóbræc, 85, 7. Hé tóbræc hire (the lion's) ceaflas mid his barum handum, Ælfc. T. Grn. 7, 16. Hí ða gymstánas tóbrǽcon, Homl. Th. i. 60, 28. Hié ða scipu eall oðþe tóbrǽcon oþþe forbærndon, Chr. 894; Erl. 91, 25. Tóbrec hira anlícnyssa confringes statuas eorum. Ex. 23, 24: Lchdm. i. 370, 22. Tóbrec ðínne hláf and syle ðone óðerne dǽl hungrium men break thy loaf in two and give one part to a hungry man. Homl. Th. i. 180, 4. Man sceolde tóbrecan his stef, Chr. 1047; Erl. 177, 7. Ða wildan hors scealden iornan and him ða limo all tóbrecan, Shrn. 72, 2. Tó gehwylcum bryce, hundes brægen áléd on wulle and ðæt tóbrocene tó gewriþen, Lchdm. i. 370, 19. Wiþ ealdre wunde tóbrocenre, ii. 92, 1. Tóbrocen wérun sconco hiora frangeruntur eorum crura, Jn. Skt. Rush. 19, 31. Ða bytta beóþ tóbrocene rumpuntur utres, Mt. Kmbl. 9, 17. Heora scipu sume þurh oferweder wurdon tóbrocene. Chr. 794; Erl. 59, 22. II. to overthrow, break down, ruin, destroy, put into confusion, rout, a. of material objects Ceaster heora ðú tóbrǽce (destruxisti). Ps. Spl. 9, 6. Sc ðe tóbræc (destruebat) ðone tempel Godes, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 27, 40. Hyra setlu hé tóbræc (evertit), Mt. Kmbl. 21, 12 : Mk. 11, 15. Wutun tiligean ðæt wé heora burh tóbrecan móton accipient in vanitate civitates tuas. Ps. Th. 138, 17. Ðæs ne wéndon witan Scyldinga, ðæt hit (the hall ) manna ǽnig tóbrecan meahte, Beo. Th. 1565; B. 780. Wæs ðæt beorhte bold tóbrocen swíðe, 1999 ; B. 997. Weard folc tótwǽmed, scyldburh tóbrocen, Byrht. Th. 138, 58; By. 242. Áne tóbrocene byrgenne sepulchrum dirutum, Ors. 4, 10; Swt. 202, 4. Eal ðín carcern hé hafaþ tóbrocen, Blickl. Homl. 85, 22. Hreósaþ tóbrocene burgweallas, Exon. Th. 61, 1; Cri. 978. b. of persons, to destroy, crush Ic tóbræce hí confringam eos. Ps. Spl. 17, 40. Ðú hié tóbrǽce attrivisti eos. Past. 37; Swt. 267, 3. c. of non-material objects Hit eallum ðǽm senatum ofþyncendum ðæt hé heora ealdan gesetnessa tóbrecan wolde (would overthrow their old laws), Ors. 5, 12; Swt. 244, 17. Ðonne biþ se glencg ágoten and se þrym tóbrocen, Wulfst. 263, 8. Hit ongeat ðæs wísdómesláre swíþe tðtorenne and swíþe tóbrocenne, Bt. 3. 1: Fox 4, 31. III. to take by assault Tirus hé besæt and siþþan tóbræc and mid ealle tówearp Tyrum oppressit et cepit, Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 126, 17. Ða gigantas woldon tóbrecan ðone heofon lacessentes coelum gigantes, Bt. 35, 4; Fox 162, 12. Hér wæs tóbrocen Rómána burh fram Gotum, Chr. 409; Erl. 11, 10. On ðissum geáre wæs Bæbbanburh tóbrocon, 993; Erl. 133, 1. IV. to break a promise, pledge, etc. , to infringe, violate Swá hwá swá halt ðis write . . . hwá swá hit tóbreceþ, Chr. 675 ; Erl. 38, 27. Man his riht tóbræc, 975; Erl. 126, 17, Twégen gebróðra tóbrǽcon ðone regol, Homl. Th. ii. 166, 34. Gif hé his bebod tóbrǽce, Homl. Ass. 60, 217. Wed synd tóbrocene oft and gelóme, Wulfst. 161, 12. V. to break, interrupt Wé tóbrecaþ úrne slǽp and gebiddaþ for eów. Homl. Ass. 51, 39. [The verb remains in the Authorized Version 'all to-brake his scull, ' Jud. 9, 53. O. Frs. tó-breka (te-): O. L. Ger. te-brekan: O. H. Ger. ze-brechen disrumpere, confringere : Ger. zer-brechen.] v. tó-brocen, un-tóbrocen.
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