Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

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fore

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Wright's OE grammar
§217; §445; §446; §558; §559; §572;
Take here fóre (l. fore), and add: A. with dat. or uncertain.
local,
before, in front of
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  • Gif him wan fore wolcen hangað (cf. þonne sweartan wolcnu him beforan gáþ,

      Bt. 6: F. 14, 22), Met. 5, 4.
  • Ásetton on gesyhðe sigebeámas þrý eorlas fore Elenan cneó, El. 848. I a. figurative :-- Næs ðǽr nán man þe gryre and ege fore ne stóde no

    one who had not horror and terror before his eyes, Hml. S. 23, 83. I b. of position, degree, at the head of, acting as ruler of :-- Hé manega gǽr wæs fore þám mynstre (ealdor þæs mynstres, v. l. praefuit). Honoratus tó dæge is fore þám ylcan mynstre (praeest ),

      Gr. D. 96, 10, 15.
  • Ealle ðá ðe fore óðrum bieón sculon,

      Past. 107, 23.
  • Hié beóð óðrum bróðrum ofergesett and him fore beón sculon on godcundum ðingum

    fratribus animarum causa praelati sunt,

      Past. 126, 17: 129, 6.
  • Sácerdas dám geleáffullum sculon fore beón

    sacerdotes fidelibus praesunt,

      139, 16.
  • Hí gewilnodon ꝥ hé þám mynstre beón scolde fore (hyra mynstres ealdor beón sceolde,

    v. l. eis praeesse deberet), Gr. D. 103, 30. I c. within sight or hearing of.

      Cf. for; A. I c :-- Hé
    é
temporal,
before
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  • Is nú feala forðgewitenra ... þe ús fore wǽron,

      El. 637.
  • II a. of previous action :-- Híí
figurative.
marking cause, for, from, through, because of. v. for; A. III. 1
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  • Hí forhte beofiad fore fæder egsan,

      Cri. 1015: Gú. 310.
  • Him tó móde fore monlufan sorg gesóhte, 324.
  • Hé sceal fore hǽðenra handgewinne gást onsendan,

      An. 186, 1034.
marking reason, ground, on account of. v. for; A. III. 2
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  • Geswænced from his moniendum fore .xii. scillingum,

      Gr. D. 157, 33.
  • Hé fore góddǽdum glade blissiað,

      Cri. 1287.
  • Adames cynn cwíðeð nales fore lytlum, ac fore þám mǽstan mægenearfeðum, 963.
  • Ꝥ þing ðe mon eall gód fore déþ,

      Bt. 34, 7; F. 142, 36.
  • Þý lǽs fore þǽre mǽrðe him mód ástíge,

      Crä. 101.
  • Tó ðǽre genihtsumnisse þe hié ús ealneg fore gielpað

    to the abundance on account of which they are always boasting to us,

      Ors. 4, 7; S. 182, 16: S. 4, 18.
marking motive, for, from, through, v. for; A. III. 3
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  • Hé wið ðon won fore (for, v. l.) geornfullnesse and for lufan þæs árfæstan gewinnes

    renitentem studio et amore pii laboris,

      Bd. 4, 3; Sch. 349,
  • Þú fore monna lufan þínre módor bósm gesóhtes,

      Hö. 110; Fa. 78.
  • Gé fore æfstum on his wergengan wíte legdon,

      Gú. 684: Mód. 37.
marking substitution, in place of, instead of. v. for; A. III. 4
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  • Dyde ic mé tó gomene ganetes hleóðor, mǽw singende fore medodrince,

      Seef. 22.
  • Fore hundum tigras and leópardos hí fédað,

      Nar. 38, 3.
  • Sé þe hors nabbe wyrce þám hláforde þe him fore ríde,

      Ll. Th. i. 232, 21.
with verbs expressing or implying payment, requital. v. for; A. III. 6.
marking compensation
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  • Gif hwá óðrum his eáge oþdó, selle his ágen fore (for

    v. l.); tóð fore (for, v. l. )

    téð, honda wið honda, fét fore fét, bærning fore bærninge,
      Ll. Th. i. 48, 20-22.
  • Gif oxa óðres monnes oxan gewundige, and hé þonne deád sié ... selle him óðerne oxan fore,

      50, 13.
marking expiation
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  • Hé on þone beám áhongen wæs fore moncynnes mánforwyrhtum,

      Cri. 1095.
  • Se þegn fore fæder dǽdum blódfág swefeð,

      B. 2059.
where an obligation is discharged
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  • He náh self nánwiht tó gesellanne ... þonne gǽð óðer man, seleð his ceáp fore ... sé þe him ǽr ceáp fore sealde,

      Ll. Th. i. 142, 2-6: 7.
  • Gif hé nyte hwá him fore béte,

      164, 12.
  • Gif seó mǽgð him fore gyldan nellen,

      248, 5.
  • Sé þe áhte ꝥ yrfe þe wé fore gildað (

    the property in connexion with which the reward is given

    ),
      234, 25. v. sceótan;
(6) for the sake of. v. for; A. III. 7
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  • Þá earfeðu þe hé fore ældum ádreág,

      Cri. 1202.
  • Deáðe mínum þe ic ádreág fore þé, 1476.
  • Hé earfeðu geþolade fore þearfe þeódbúendra, 1173.
on behalf of, for the advantage of. v. for; A. III. 8
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  • Ꝥ man ne mót him mæssian fora, ne him openlíce fora gebiddan,

      Ll. Th. ii. 386, 16-18.
  • Biddende þæt heom fore gebeden sý

    postulent pro se orari,

      R. Ben. 59, 21: 62, 8: 127, 18, 19.
  • Hé bæd mé ðæt ic him wǽre forespeca ... Ðá spæc ic him fore,

      Cht. Th. 169, 29.
  • Ic ne tóweorpe ðá burg ðe ðú fore spriceð

    non subvertam urbem pro qua locutus es,

      Past. 399, 31.
  • Fore þencean,

      Past. 75, 11: 97, 21.
  • Gif bád genumen sý on monnes orfe for óðres monnes þingum, þonne begyte þá báde hám sé þe heó fore genumen sý, i. 354, 7.
  • Blíþre bið seó sáwl þæs mannes, þonne hire man þá ælmessan fore dǽleþ,

      Bl. H. 41, 33: Gú. 373.
  • Hé him (v. Angl. vi. p. 136 of Anzeiger) worhte fore wundur mǽre, Ps. Th. 77, 14. (7 a) to the honour of :-- On þǽre hálgan Þrynnesse naman þe seó stow is fore hálig

    in the name of the holy Trinity to which the place is dedicated,

      Cht. Th. 559, i.
marking object of fear, &c. v. for; A. III. 10
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  • Hié ealle þreátas oforhogodan, and him nówiht fore ne ondrédon,

      Bl. H. 119, 16.
  • Hý beofiað fore Freán forhte,

      Cri. 1231.
  • Ne þreodode hé fore þrymme þeódcyninges ǽniges,

      Ap. 18.
marking obstacle, v. for; A. III. 12
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  • Ic ne mæg fore mínum wonǽhtum willan ádreógan,

      Hy. 4, 103.
  • Hé staþolfæst ne mæg fore leahtra lufan leng gewunian,

      Jul. 375. (10) marking end to be attained :-- Wé sellað ðæt lond ... fore hyhte and fore aedleáne ðaes aecan and ðaes tówardon lífes, and fore uncerra sáula héla, C. D. i. 292, 22-26. (11) with verbs of appeal. v. for; A. III. 18 :-- Ic þé hálsige fore þínum cildháde, ... and fore þǽre wunde, Hö. 118-120: 122.
  • Fore Godes sibbum, Jul. 540. (12) with verbs of speaking, hearing,

    of, about;

    de :-- Ealle men ðá ðe ðyses weres líf cúþon oþþe fore hýrdon,
      Bl. H. 219, 34.
  • His fyrngeflitan þe ic ǽr fore sægde,

      Pa. 34. B. with acc.
with verbs of movement,
before, into the presence of
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  • Mín gebed fore sylfne þé becume

    oratio mea praeveniet te,

      Ps. Th. 87, 13.
  • Cuman fore heofona cyning,

      Cri. 1039: 796: 1114.
  • Heafde se cyng hí fore begán mid ealre fyrde,

      Chr. 1009; P. 139, 19.
marking substitution, v. for; B.
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  • Dyde ic mé tó gomene ganetes hleóðor and huilpan swég fore hleahtor wera,

      Seef. 21.
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