habban
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§7,
§8,
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habban
A. For I and IV substitute: I. to have, hold in or with the hand (lit. or fig. ) Hé hafað in hondum heofon and eorðan, Gú. 619. Hine se mǽg Higeláces hæfde be houda, B. 814. Wit hæfdon swurd nacod on handa, 539. Þá mǽdenu hæfden hí sylfe be handa heom betweónum. Gr. D. 119, 13. Þæt þíne englas þé on hondum habban, Bl. H. 27, 14. I a. of the hand :-- Gif man frigne man æt hæbbendre handa (while the hand still holds the stolen goods) gefó, Ll. Th. i. 42, 15: 198,. 26. Habbendre, 220, 11. II. to have, possess. 1. absolute Ǽlcon þǽra þe hæfí man sylð . . . Þám ðe næfð (nafeþ, R. , ne hæfis, L. ) omni habenti dabitur . . . qui non habet, Mt. 25, 29. Sién ðá hæbbendan swelce hié nówiht hæbben, Past. 387, 35. God ne hét ús gewelgian þá hæbbendan, Wlfst. 287, 24. 2. with object, a. to hold as property, possess material or non-material objects Mín lond þe ic hæbbe and mé God láh, C. D. i. 310, 5. Wealh, gif hé hafæð (hæfð, v. l. ) fíf hýda, Ll. Th. i. 118, 10. Hé hæfde mycele ǽhta, Mt. 19, 22. Þá cýððo þæs crístenan geleáfan þe hí hæfdon, Bd. 5, 22 ; Sch. 682, 19. Gif hé wite hwá þæs deádan ierfe hæbbe, Ll. Th. i. 136, 5. Ǽlc man þe hors habbe, 232, 20. Þá hálgan þe náht ne gyrndon tó hæbbenne. Bl. H. 53, 25. b. to hold as something at one's disposal or service, under one's control, v. heofon-hæbbend Þis leóht (this world) wé habbaþ wið nýtenu gemǽne, Bl. H. 21, 13. Hámtúnscíre hé hæfde oþ hé ofslóg þone aldormon, Chr. 755; P. 46, 21. Hié him hæfdon siþþan ealle þá anwealdas þe hié ealle ǽr hæfdon, Ors. 3, 11; S. 152, 24. Him his nefa gesealde Ircanian on onwald tó habbanne eum Hyrcanorum genti praeposuit, l, 12 ; S. 54, 12. ¶ habban and healdan to have and keep :-- Þá his mǽre word habbað and healdad, Ps. Th. 102, 19. Þá þe Godes ríces geleáfan habbað and healdaþ, Bl. H. 55, 17. Hafa and geheald húsa sélest, . . . waca wið wráðurn, B. 658. Þá word þæs godspelles on his heortan habban and healdan, Bl. H. 557 7. III. denoting various kinds of connexion between subject and object, e. g. kindred, relative position Ic hæbbe (hafo, L. , R. ) fíf gebróþru, Lk. 16, 28. Ic lýt hafo heáfodrnága, B. 2150. Sé ðe brýde hæfð (hæfes. L. , hæfeð, R. ), sé is brýdgurna, Jn. 3, 29. Hæfde hé ágenne bróþor, Bd. 4, 22 ; Sch. 456, 19. Surne þá apostolas hæfdon him gemacan, Hml. A. 14, 34. Búton hé yruenoman hæbbe, Ll. Th. i. 290, 10. Búton hé hæbbe manigne man þe him hére, Bt. 29, 1; F. 104, 9: Solil. H. 3, 12. Swá hé hæbbe freónda má, Bl. H. 123, i. Heó cwæð heó hine ne nánne habban (have as husband) wolde, Chr. 1067 ; P. 201, 16. Nis mé þearf hearran tó habbanne, Gen. 279. III a. 1. the object a person Wé habbað (habbas, L. ) Abraham ús tó fæder patrem habemus Abraham, Mt. 3, 9. Wé habbað ðune god tó fæder unum patrem habemus deum, Jn. 8, 41. Æþelwulf his dohtor hæfde him tó cuéne, Chr. 885 ; P. 78, 27. Þá hæfdon hí him tó wífum, Ors. 2, 2 ; S. 64, 30. Hine grame hæfdon tó hæfte, Ps. Th. 104, 15. Hæbbe hé him twégen ceorlas tó gewitnesse, Ll. Th. i. 34, 4. Hæbbe hé him in áde ǽwdan gódne. 42, 8. ǽlc man hæbbe æt þǽre syhl .ii. wel gehorsede men, 208, 12. hí hí tó wífe habbon, Hml. S. 17, 158. 2. the object a thing, a. a noun or pronoun Nim ic þé tó sillenne habbe, Ap. Th. 12, 2. Hé hæfðe þriddan dǽl his firde beæftan him. Ors. I. 12 ; S. 52, 32. Theodosius hæfde þone wind mid him, 6, 36; S. 294, 26. Be þám sácerde . . , hwæt hé on him hæbbe, Ll. Th. ii. 128, 19. Hæbbe hé him gemǽne wið God, i. 332, 31. Þám þe heora dǽl getýnedne hæbben, 128, 9. Búton se biscep hié mid him habban wille, Past. 9, 6.Habban mé dæt tó gamene, 249, l : Bl. H. 113, 34. (β) a clause :-- Hæfdon monige unwíse menn him tó worde sió hate nǽre for heora synnum, Ors. 1, 7; S. 40, 7. he oft and gelóme hæbbe on gemynde mannum is mǽst þearf oftast tó gemunenne, is hí rihtne geleáfan habban, Ll. Th. i. 326, 10. IV. to have as a part or adjunct, to contain as parts of itself Habbaþ þá hwíla hwæthwugu onlíces, is heora ǽgþer hæfþ ende utrumque spatium definitum est, Bt. 18, 3; F. 66, 9. September hæfð .xxx. daga, Angl. viii. 300, 37, 39. Hæfde cista gehwilc týn hund geteled tíreádigra, Exod. 230. Hé hæfde blæc feax and blácne andwlitan uir nigro capillo, facie macilenta, Bd. 2, 16 ; Sch. 179, 6. Án fíctreów þe leáf hæfde, Mk. ii. 13. Gif se mónð sceal habban .xxx. nihta ealdne mónan, Angl. viii. 300, 33, 35, V. to have as an attribute, a quality, function, right, wrong, &c. 1. of persons Ic hæbbe geweald micel tó gyrwanne gódlecran stól. Gen. 280. Ylde hé hæfð (haefeð, L. , hæfeð, R. ), Jn. 9, 21. Eác wé habbað ðá synne, Ll. Th. i. 196, 7. Manege beóððe hæbbað ðá unðeáwas ealle. . . , Past. 455, 7. Seleucus hæfde seofon and seofontig wintra and Lisimachus hæfde þreó and seofontig wintra Lysimachus annos septuaginta et quatuor natus, Seleucus autem septuaginta et septem, Ors. 3, 11; S. 152, 17 : Gen. 1117. Ðæt cild hæfde lǽsse þonne brý mónðas þæs þriddan geáres, Shrn. 104, 18. Júdas hæfde onlícnesse (was a type ) þǽra manna be willaþ Godes cyricean yfelian. Bl. H. 75, 23. Hé ne mehte habban þæs onwaldes noman, Ors. 6, 36; S. 294, 14. 2. of things Þá word þe geendiað on or habbaþ ðreó getácnunga, Ælfc. Gr. Z. 121, 18. Þá þing þe be mé synt habbað ende the things about me are sure to come to pass, Lk. 22, 37. VI. to have, be affected with, experience, enjoy or suffer Ne ic þæs deáðes hafu sorge on móde, Gú. 1040. Þonne hafað hé mycelne lust, Lch. i. 358, 20. Heó hæfð unrótnysse . . . Gé habbað (habað. L. , habbas, R. ) nú unrótnysse, Jn. 16, 21, 12. Wé habbaþ nédbearfe . . . , Bl. H. 23, 1. Swá fela swá untrumnessa and unclǽne gástas hæfdon, Mk. 3, 11. On þám ðingum þe hí won (wana, v. l. ) hæfdon, Bd. 5, 22 ; Sch. 682, 15. Hæbbe þæs gefeán folca ǽghwilc, and blessien þeóda laetentur et exutient gentes, Ps. Th. 66, 4. Gif híwan hiora cirican máran þearfe hæbben, Ll. Th. i. 64, 14. Ðæs gefeán habban, B. 2740. VII. with object and dat. infin. expressing what is to be done by the subject, to have as a duty or thing to be done. Cf. II a Ic hæbbe (hafo. L. ) þé tó secgenne sum ðing habeo tibi aliquid dicere, Lk. 7, 40. Ic hæbbe (hafo, L. R. ) þone mete tó etanne þe gé nyton, Jn. 4, 32. Hæfst ðú æceras tó erigenne habes agros ad arandum, Ǽlfc. Gr. Z. 135, 7. Hæfst ðú cild tó lǽrenne habes pueros ad docendum, 151, 13. Uton wé geþencean hwylc handleán wé him forþ tó berenne habban, Bl. H. 91, 14. VIII. with dat. infin. to have, be obliged to do something Mage gyt drincan þone calic þe ic tó drincenne hæbbe potestis bibere calicem quem ego bibiturus sum ? Mt. 20, 22. Gif hé hæbbe ealle on fððre tó ágifanne, Ll. Th. i. 140, 9. Hit hæfde (would have) ðonne tó wilnianne sumes gódes, Bt. 24, i; F. 80, 16. IX. to hold, keep, retain. 1. to hold in the same position Hafa lange hwlle þíne hand on. Lch. ii. 32, 22. 2. to keep possession of Ðone onwald mæg wel reccan sé ðe ǽgðer ge bine habban cann ge wiðwinnan quam potentiam bene regit qui et tenere illam noverit et impugnare, Past. 113, 21. 3. to keep in some relation to oneself , have in mind, in keeping, &c. p ic hæbbe feste on gemynde, Bt. 36, 3; F. 176, 24. Gér éce in móde ic hefde annos eternos in meute habui. Ps. Srt. 76, 6. Regolllcór libban þonne hí ǽr þisan on gewunan hæfdon, Ll. Th. i. 346, 28. Hæbbe ǽlc hláford his hírédmen on his ágenon borge, 282, 9. Þá hwíle be we líf on úrun gewealde habban, Bl. H. 101, 11. Ǽghwylc þára is wyrlte in gemyndum tó habbanne sunt digna memorie singula, Angl. iv. 140, 22 : 142, 75. 4. to keep a person in some particular place or condition, as guest, prisoner, &c. Þá þe þú ǽr on hæftnéde hæfdest, Bl. H. 85, 23. Hé hí feáwa dagas mid him hæfde eos aliquot diebus secum retinuit, Bd. 5, 10; Sch. 601, 9. Hé hæfde (detinuit) þone ǽrendracan hwylcnehugu fyrst in þám mynstre, Gr. D. 39, 23. Hé hæfde ǽnne lícðrowere belocen on ánum clyfan, Hml. S. 3, 480. Se geréfa þe hine hæfde comes qui eum tenebat, Bd. 4, 22; Sch. 457, 17. Gif hwá Godes flýman hæbbe on unriht, ágife hine tó rihte . . . Gif hwá ámánsodne oþþe útlahne hæbbe (habeat) and healde, Ll. Th. i. 410, 15-18. Harold þóhte þone kinge þár tó hæbbenne for huntnoðes þingon, Chr. 1065; P. 190, 28. Mid þý hé hwylcehugu tiid mid þone gesíþ hæfd (haefed, v. l.) wæs (tenerelur), Bd. 4, 22; Sch. 458, 13. Fram þám hí beóð hæfde and gehæftnede a quo captivi tenentur, Gr. D. 336, 5. Hí nǽron onlýsde ah on bendum hié wiéron hæfde, Bl. H. 87, 26. X. to hold or entertain in the mind Hí hæfdon Godes elnunge, Bd. 5, 22 ; Sch. 681, 29. Sé þe nú forhogaþ þ hé ǽnig gemynd hæbbe Drihtnes eáþmódnesse, Bl. H. 83, 16. X a. to entertain a feeling towards (tó) an object :-- For þǽre hatunge þe hé hæfð tó his Scyppende, and for þám andan þe hé hæfð tó þám men propter odium in Creatorem et invidiam in hominem, Angl. vii. 8, 65. Hig habbaþ andan tó hym, Nic. 4, 19. Hé sceal habban andan tó hira yfele, Past. 75, 13. See cýþþe habban unáer cýþþu; 1. 2 a. XI. to treat, use Ic sende ofer eów geswinc and mettrumnesse . . . þá eów habbað oð deáðes tócyme swíðe hearde, Wlfst. 230, 7. folc hine hæfde swá yfele swilce hé sumes þinges scyldig wǽre, and ealle men hine fram stówe tó stówe brúdon and tó wundre tawedcn, Hml. S. 23, 652. For hwig ; folc þone Hǽlend swá yfele hæfde. Nic. 4, 18. XII. to hold in some specified estimation, to esteem or account as, consider as. 1. with gen. Sum munuc, sé wæs hæfd and wéned fram mannum mycelre árfæstnesse, and hé wæs gesewen gódra þeáwa quidam monachtis magnae aestimationis habebatur, bonis quippe cernebatur moribus, Gr. D. 326, 24. 2. with prep, a. habban for to consider or regard as Eall þeódscipe hine heafde for fullne cyning, Chr. 1013 ; P. 144, 6. Heó hyt for Crýstes andwlytan ǽfre hæfde, Hml. A. 187, 180. Hig hæfdon hyne for ǽnne wítegan they counted him as a prophet, Mt. 14, 5: Ors. l, 6; S. 36, 20: Met. 26, 44. him þá geþflhte swelc þæt mǽste wæl swelc hié oft ǽr for nóht hæfdon. Ors. 4, 7 ; S. 184, 15. Hié wilniað ðæt hié mon hæbbe for ðá betstan and for dá hálgestan, Past. 135, 20. Ne magon wé . . . hátan oððe habban deádne mon for cwucene, Bt. 36, 6 ; F. 182, 19. Is þæs folces hlísa ǽlcum men for náuht tó habbenne, 30, l ; F. 108, 17. b. habban on to hold in honour, esteem, &c. Þá hǽþenan selfe hæfdon his wundor on þǽre mǽstan áre, Shrn. 119, 33. Þone Eástordæg on weorðunge habban, Bd. 5, 22; Sch. 685, 6. Is seó stów on micelre árwurðnesse hæfd (hæfed, v. l. ), Bd. 3, 2 ; Sch. 194, 3. XIII. to carry on some proceeding, have dealings, engage in as principal, have or hold a meeting, council, suit, &c. :-- Þá tihtbysian men þe mid þám geréfan sace habbað, Ll. Th. i. 294, 7. Hæfde se cyng his hired set Gieáweceastre, Chr. 1094 ; P. 228, 30. Hæfde se cyng mycel geþeaht, 1085 ; P. 216, 15. Hæfde Eádwerd cing witenagemót, 1050; P. 171, 36. Þe arceb and gehádode men hæfden sinoit þreó dagas, 1085; P. 216, 12. Ǽlc geréfa hæbbe gemót, Ll. Th. i. 164, 20. man habbe gemót on ǽlcum wǽpentake, 294, 2. Cwæð hé wolde mid his ealdormonnum and mid his wytum gesprec and geþeaht habban cum principibus et consiliariis suis sese de hoc conlaturum esse dicebat, Bd. 2, 13; Sch. 163, 23. Gif hwilc wið úre bige habban wille, oþþe wé wið heora, Ll. Th. i. 156, 3. Hé wolde his hǽbengild habban he would have his idolatrous worship, Hml. S. 28, 26. Ðás wísan hé ealle on him hæbbende wæs, 23 b, 32. XIV. to declare, maintain, express the conditions of a case Ðǽs [s]préce nǽnig mon on nǽnge óðre halfe oncærrende sié nymne suǽ þis gewrit hafað (except as this writing lays down the conditions), Txts. 442, 17. XIV a. willan habban to maintain as a fact that a thing is so and so :-- Þá lǽwedan willað habban þone mónan be þám ðe hí hine geseóð (the unlearned will have it that the moon is as they see if), and þá gelǽredan hine healdað be þisum foresǽdan gesceáde, Lch. iii. 266, 10. , XV. to possess by taking or receiving, to have, get, take. 1. of persons a. without idea of compulsion Hwanon hæfst (hæfis, L. ) þú lífes wæter?, Jn. 4, 11. Sé hæfð ðone weorðscipe. sé ðe ǽr geðyldelíce ðá scande forbær, Past. 227, 4. Ymb .xxii. wiñt þæs þe hé ríce hæfde, Chr. 874; P. 72, 26. Hafa þé wunden gold, Gen. 2128. Hwæt gódes dó ic ic éce líf hæbbe?, Mt. 19, 16. Hæbbe hé him deáde (cf. þæt þǽr deád byð, byð his (ipsius erif ), Ex. 21, 34), Ll. Th. i. 50, 8, 13 : 436, 13. Sǽdere gebyreð hé hæbbe ǽlces cynnes ǽnne leáp fulne, 438, 9, 18, 22. Ǽlc friðmanna frið hæbbe, 286, 5. Swælc monn se ðæt mín lond hebbe whoever gets my land, C. D. i. 311, I. é Bið hire rǽd frýnd þá forword habban, 256, 2. Gif leornere geþuge hé had hsefde (got ordained), 192, 12, Ðonne þú antiphonariam habban wille, þonne wege þú þíne swíþran hand, Tech. ii. 119, 3 (and often). Earmon þæt wé Godes miltse habban móton, Wlfst. 180, 21. Swá hwelce dæge swá hié hit habban wolden, Chr. 874; P. 72, 32. (a α) to get in marriage :-- Lisimahhus his sweostor hæfde cujus sororem Lysimachus in matrimonio habuerat, Ors. 3, 11; S. 152, 17. Sé wæs lúþyttan fæder þe Æþelwulf cyning hæfde (hæfde tó cwéne, v. l.), Chr. 885; P. 80, 2. (a β) of parents, to have a child Hæbbe heó cild, næbbe heó, Hml. Th. ii. 10, 7. Be ðon ðe ryhtgesamhíwan beam hæbben. Gif ceorl and his wíf bearn hæbben gemǽne, Ll. Th. i. 126, 1-3: 254, 15. Gif Maria unbeweddod wǽre and cild hæfde. Hml. Th. i. 196, 11. (a γ) to have granted what has been forfeit Gif hwá sié deáðes scyldig, and hé cirican geierne, hæbbe his feorh, Ll. Th. i. 104, 14. (a δ) ende habban to come to an end, cease to exist :-- Hé standan ne mæg ac hæfð ende, Mk. 3, 26. b. with idea of compulsion, to get as a result of conflict, pressure, &c. Emilianus ofslóg Gallus and hæfde him þone anweald, Ors. 6, 23 ; S. 274a 14. Þá Seaxan hæfdun sige, Chr. 885 ; P. 78, 29 : 909; P. 95, 30. Hí woldon hine besyrewian æt his lífe and habban syþðan his ríce, 1002; P. 13S. 4. Pá hié angeáten hé ungemetlic gafol wid þǽm friþe habban wolde cum intolerabiles conditiones pacis audissent, Ors. 4, 6; S. 174, 25. c. where the source from which the object comes is given Hwæt hæfð hé æt þám hlísan. Bt. 18, 4; F. 68, 11. Gif cniht wǽpn bréde, gilde se hláford án pund, and hæbbe se hláford æt hé mæge, and him eal gildscipe gefylste hé his feoh of hæbbe, Cht. Th. 612, 23-28. Gé woldon habban méde æt fræmdra monna cwiddunge, Bt. 18, 4; F. 66, 24. Swilce getrýwða swá se cyng æt him habban wolde, Chr. 1093 ; P. 228, 22. 2. of things, a. to get some condition fixed gehwilc sprǽc hæbbe ándagan let a term be appointed to each suit, Ll. Th. i. 158, 7. XV a. to take as guardian :-- Gif se ceorl (ere forð, hæbbe sió módor hire beam and féde if the husband die, let the mother take tie chile! and bring it up, Ll. Th. i. 126, 4. XVI. to cause to move. 1. to cause to go, take or bring with one Hí hundon hine, and reówan tó scipe, and dydon hine þǽron, . . . Urnon þá west. . . and haefdon hine mid heom (wendon þá þanon mid him, v. l. ). Chr. 1046 ; P. 169, 11. Cómon ðé drýmen, and hæfdon him mid twégen ormǽte dracan, Hml. Th. ii. 474, 5. Gif gesiðcund man fare, þonne mót hé habban his geréfan mid him and his smið, Ll. Th. i. 144, 2. 2. to get to or from a place, bring, take Hát twelf weras nyman twelf stánas. . . and habban forð mid eów tó eówre wícstówe . . . þá twelf weras . . . námon twelf stánas. . . . hæfdon forð mid him tó hira fyrdwícum praecipe eis ut tollant duodecim lapides . . . portaverunt duodecim lapides usque ad locum in quo castrametati suat, Jos. 4, 3-8. treow hí hæbben ǽr .xxx. nihta of þám lande, Ll. Th. i. 70, ll. Hé wolde gefeccan þá lytlan and gebringan up tó his ríce. Hwæt synd ðá lytlan ðe hé wolde habban úp tó his ríce ?, Hml. Th. i. 138, 6 : Bt. 41, 5; F. 254, 15: Met. 31, 20. (2 a) to get to take part in action :-- Seó swuster hí wolde habban tó hire bysegan. Hml. Th. ii. 440, 20. 3. to put, place Hé hefde his swíðran hand ofer Ephraimes heáfod extendens manum dexteram posuit super caput Ephraim, Gen. 48, 14. Ðá hét ic eald hrægl tóslítan and habban wið þǽm fýre jussi scissas tusta opponere ignibus, Nar. 23, 30. XVII. with object and complement. 1. adj. complement, to get something into a specified condition Þonne magon wé ús God mildne habban then can we gee God gracious to us, Bl. H. 107, 17. Eall þás þing þǽre þeóde Ongelcynnes gedafenað cúð habban yuae omnia Anglorum genii oportet haberi comperta, Bd. i. 27 ; Sch. 76, 22. 2. with past ptcpl. complement, to get something done, cause to be done Þé hie tó ðǽm gemǽre cómon mid heora firde, þá hæfden hié hiera clúsan belocene when they came to the boundary with their army they had the pass closed; Athenienses angustias occupavere, Ors. 3, 7; S. 112, 35. XVIII. to allow to be :-- His gingran dohtor hé nolde búton hæftniéde habban parvulas filias crudeli captivitate retinebat, Ors. 3, 9; S. 128, 19. B. habban; II, IV, V. Add: I. with gen. Gyf hé þǽre ylde andðæs andgytes hæfð þset hé hit understandan mæg. Wlfst. 32, 8. Gif hé þǽra freónda hæfil þe dón durron. Ll. Th. i. 290, 14. Gif hé mægnes hæbbe hé his gefán beríde, 90, 4. Gif hé þæs mægenes ne hæbbe hé hine inne besitte, II. Gif mon hæbbe healfe (healfes, v. l. ), 122, 10: 144, Hwǽr hié landes hæfden þæt hié mehten an gewícian, Ors. 2, 5 ; S. 80, 9. Wé beót hæbbende ðæs ðe wé ǽr hopedon. Hml. Th. i. 250, 34. II. as an auxiliary. 1. present forms making a perfect tense, a. with inflected participle Ic hæbbe ðé nú tódæg gesetne ofer ðióda conslilui te hodie super genles, Past. 441, 31. Hiá hebfað ðás wísan ðus fundene, C. D. i. 296, 5. Þám þe hiora dǽl getýnedne hæbben, Ll. i. 128, 9. b. with uninflected participle (or uncertain) Ðis. . . ðet ic beboden hebbe, C. D. i. 300, 4. Heregýð hafað ðás wísan binemned, 312, 3. Þonne þú hig gefangen hæbbe apprehensis, Gen. 44, 4. Gif hæbben sume getýned hiora dǽl, Ll. Th. i. 128, 6. Ǽr ǽlc man hæbbe áne ríde geriden, 232, 19. l a curious use of the negative participle occurring in the following :-- Ðá de ungefandod habbað flǽsclicra scylda peccata carnis ignorantes, Past. 407, 19: 409, 22. Gehiéren ðá ðe ungefandod habbað ðára flǽsclicana scylda audiant peccatorum carnis ignari, 16. 2. past forms making a pluperfect tense Hig hæfdon sumne dǽl weges gefaren processerant paululum, Gen. 44, 4. (2 a) where the participle has to be supplied from the context :-- Gelǽdde Theodosius eft fird wið him twǽm tó þǽre ilcan clúsan þe hé ǽr hæfde (had [led an army] ) wið Maximus, Ors. 6, 36; S. 294, 17. hand-æbbende, land-æbbende, mis-æbbende, yfel-hæbbende; for-hæfed.
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