hád
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hád
Add:I. person ; persona. 1. a character in a drama or the like Þonne se sceop in gebtingð óðre hádas þe wið hine wurdlion, swylce hig him andswarion, Angl. viii. 330, 43. (l a) (one's own) person :-- Swylce ágenum háde ł naman ceu propria persona. An. Ox. 2329. 2. an individual ǽnum untrumum háde wæs forgyfen quod uni personae infirmanti conceditur, Bd. i. 27 ; Sch. 83, 10. Swýðe yfelice mæn and þyses woroldlican lífes hádas viles et saeculares vitae personae, Gr. D. 232, 5 : Gú. 2. Ðá hádas ðǽre hálgan endebyrdnesse personae sacrorum ordinum, Past. 135, 13. 3. the living body of a human being Ic hæbbe mé on hrycg þset ǽr hádas wreáh foldbúendra flǽsc and gǽstas, Rä. 2, 12. 4. of a mode of divine being, person of the Trinity Hé wæs on ánum háde twégra gecynda, Bl. H. 33, 33. Án ælmihtig God is on þrým hádum ǽfre wunigende, Hml, S. 16, l. 5. as a grammatical term Uerbum ys word, án ðǽl ledensprǽce mid tíde and háde bútan case . . . him gelimpð . . . persona hád, Ælfc. Gr. Z. 119, 8-16. Manega word synd þe ne magon habban þá twégen forman hádas, ac habbað þone þriddan, 128, 15. 6. in the phrase' to accept or respect the person of any one' = to show partiality Ne onfóh ðú nǽnigne hád on dóme (non accipies personam, Deut. 16, 19), Ll. Lbmn. 476, 21. II. sex Hádes sexus, An. Ox. 3890. Háde sexu, 2326. Swá hé nǽfre þone hád (wǽpnedhád, v. l. ) on hu líchaman næfde ac si sexum non haberet in corpore, Gr. D. 26, 30. III. condition. 1. in respect to mode of life, of profession, &c. Hine missenlices hádes (of different condition, i. e. laity and clergy) men sóhton, ǽgðer þára ge ealdormen ge bisceopas, Guth. 66, 4. Ǽlces hádes men . . . húruþinga Godes þeówas, Ll. Th. i. 304, 24. Betre him wǽre ðæt hé on lǽssan háde (as a layman) his líf geendode, Past. 31, 25. Swá bið on ðisse menniscan gecynde manige on beteran háde wyrsan and on wyrsan háde beteran; swá ðætte oft on lǽwedum háde . . . man oferðíhð ðone munuchád, 411, 32-36. (1 a) of the ecclesiastical profession :-- Hé wæs underfange of þám (þæs ?) hádes mannum þee Settan þas ylcan hádes menn (i. e. they were to be regular, not secular, clergy) . . . þa hé sylf wes, and eác ǽlc óþer b̃ sceolde beón munechádes mann, 40. Sume him þæs hádes hlísan willað wegan on wordum and þá weorc ne dóð, Gú. 31. Se þe nelle his háde gebyrige, Ll. Th. i. 306, 22 : 346, 24: 244, 11: Chr. 1086 ; P. 219, 31. (l b) phrases expressing the receiving, conferring, or holding of holy orders :-- Ðone noman and ðá endebyrdnesse ðæs hálgan hádes underfón nomen vel ordinem sanctitatis habere, Past. 31, H. Tó hálgum háde becuman ad sanctitatis speciem deduci, 23. Æfter hálgum háde after taking holy orders; post sanctitatis habitum, Past. 133, 25. þone ǽfæstan hád underfón habitum religionis accipere, Bd. 4, 11 ; Sch. 404, 20. Hád underfón, Hml. Th. ii. 48, 31. Hád onfón, Mt. L. 10, 8 note. Gif leornere wǽre þurh láre geþunge hé hád hæfde and þénode Críste, Ll. Th. i. 192, 13. Hé nolde ǽnigóðer man sceolde hire hád on sættan he would not have her take the veil from any one else, Hml. S. 31, 584. (l c) the persons in holy orders Hwæt getácniað ðá stánas ðæs hálgan húses búton ðone hád ðǽre hálgan endebyrdnesse quid sanctuarii lapidibus nisi sacrorum ordinum personae signantur ? Past. 133, 13. 2. in respect to natural relations Heó (Eve) bæd meotod miltse þurh Marian hád (as Mary was her daughter and Christ's mother): Þú fram mínre dohtor, Drihten, onwóce. Sat. 438. (2 a) defined by a genitive giving the class to which an object belongs Se manna wæs Críste leófast on weres háde, Ap. 27. Ðines wuduwan hádes, Past. 207, 12. Heó wæs wunigende on wudewan háde, Hml. Th. i. 146, 32. Þurh fǽmnan had, Sat. 495. Þurh briddes hád, Ph. 372. In cildes hád cenned, El. 336 : 776. (2 b) by an adj. Þurh horscne hád, Cri. 49. Þurh clǽnne hád, 444. Þurh leóhtne hád. Ll. 1246. IV. an order of beings or things, a kind, race Swá þæt ǽnig ne wát eorðbúendra . . . ne þset ǽnig ne wát engla hádes, Hy. 3, 34. Wuldres áras. . . þára on háde sint syx genemned, EI. 740. Þú fremest eorðwelan þurh monigne hád, Az. 98. Hlǽfdige wuldorweorudes and worldcundra háda and helwara, Cri. 286. Gerceafte under heofonum hádas cennað micle and mǽte, Gú. 23, V. an order in a society, a rank, degree, an office Men ǽlces hádes, heáne and ríce men of every degree, high and low, Guth. 66, 6. Swá man bið mihtigra oþþe máran hádes, Ll. Th. i. 398, 20. Ðǽm ðe lǽssan hádes bióð, Past. 411, 23. Ðá ðe mon tó hiéran háde dón wille, 7, 15. Onwent sió geearnung ðone hád and dá geðyncja, Past. 411, 25. Se engel hafað yldran hád, Cri.1669: Reim. 15. V a. in an ecclesiastical sense :--- Gif hwá gehádodne man bende . . . béte . . . be hádes mǽðe, i. 400, 23 : 404, 16. Gif mæssepreóst manslaga wurð . . . þonne þolige hé ǽgðres ge hádes ge eardes, 546, 5 : 400, 15. Þá Zacharias his sácerdes hádes (sácerdhádes,v. l. ) breác cum sacerdotio fungeretur. Lk. l, 8. Gif þú bæt wást þæt ic unrihtlíce bisceopháde onfénge, ic lustlíce fram þǽre þénunge gewíte, for þon ic mé sylfne nǽfre þæs hádes wurdne ne dyde (libenter ab officio discedo, nunquam me hoc esse dignum arbitrator), Bd. 4, 2 ; Sch. 346, 24 Mǽðe on háde gecnáwan to recognize distinctions in rank, Ll. Th. i. 362, 4: ii. 294, 5. Ne genéð þú (a priest) nǽfre þú gá tó þám hálgan híde (cf. ne geneálǽc ðú Godes ðénungum, Hml. Th. ii. 170, 5), oððe máran underfó þonne þú nú hæfst; sóðlíce on swá hwilcum dæge swá þí geþrístlǽcst þú underféhst þone hálgan sácerdhád, sóna þú bist eft mid deófles anweald gehæftned ad sacrum ordinem nunquam accedere praesumas; quacumque die sacrum ordinem temerare praesumseris, statim juri diaboli iterum mancipaberis, Gr. D. 135, 9-16. Under Móyses ǽmóste se bisceop habban wíf . . . se sunu sceolde fón tó þám háde æfter his fæder geendunge, Hml. S. 10, 220: Past. 27, 22. Se preóst . . , háligne hád underféng (cf. geeóde tó þám hálgan sácerdháde ad sacrum ordinem accessit, Gr. D. 135, 31), Hml. Th. ii. 170, 10. Gif preóst út of scíre hád begite . . . and diácon . . . þolian his hádes búton scíre biscop heom hádes geunne, Ll. Th. ii. 292, 13-15. Mín fulwiht and mín[n]e hád . . . ic swíðe unmeodomlíce gehealdan hsebbe, Angl. xi. 99, 57. Ðone micclan hád (the office of pope), Hml. Th. ii. 122, 27. V b. in a personal sense, those belonging to an order or rank :-- Cwæð ǽlc hád ciricean þǽre mǽgðe ánmódlíce (cf. cum consilio omnium ecclesiasticorum graduum, C. D. i. 45, 12), Ll. Th. i. 36, 10. Ðá godcundan hádas giorne wǽron ymb láre, Past. 3, 9. Wǽran heáfodstedas and heálice hádas (i. e. cyning, arcebiscop, æðeling, leódbiscop, ealdorman, 11, 10, 11, 14) micelre mǽðe wyrðe. Ll. Th. i. 330, 6. Þá hálgan hádas þe Godes folc lǽran scylan, 244, 9. De reverentia sacerdotibus praestanda. Eallum crístenum mannum gebyrað hig , . . hádas. . . ǽfre griðian and frinan, and hí háda gehwylcne weorðian be mǽðe, 360, 25-28 : 336, 1: 334, 33- v. ciric-hád, heáh-hád, and next word.
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