Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

BÁN

  • noun [ neuter ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
BÁN, baan, es; pl. bán; n.
Wright's OE grammar
§5; §133; §285; §292; §343; §562;
A BONE; os
Show examples
  • Ðis ys nú bán of mínum bánum

    hoc nunc os ex ossibus meis,

    • Gen. 2, 23
    • .
  • Moises nam Iosepes bán mid, him

    tulit Moyses ossa Ioseph secum,

    • Ex. 13, 19
    • :
    • Cd. 9; Th. 12, 9
    • ;
    • Gen. 182
    • .
  • Híg synt innan fulle deádra bána

    intus plena sunt ossibus mortuorum,

    • Mt. Bos. 23, 27
    • .
  • Bán míne

    my bones,

    • Ps. Spl. 6, 2
    • :
    • Exon. 110a; Th. 421, 14
    • ;
    • Rä. 40, 18: 125b
    • ;
    • Rä. 68, 3
    • :
    • Beo. Th. 5149
    • ;
    • B. 2578
    • .
Etymology
[
Plat. been, n. os, crus
:
O. Sax. O. Frs. bén, n
:
Dut. been, n
:
Ger. M. H. Ger. bein, n
:
O. H. Ger. pein, n
:
Dan. been
:
Swed. ben
:
O. Nrs. bein, n.
In Goth. the word is preserved only in baina-bagms a bone-tree, cornel-tree, for σνκάμινos
. Thus, all the Teut. languages have the same word, the chief and oldest signification of which is os a bone. This is the only meaning it has in A. Sax. where scanca is used for crus; also in O. Nrs. the meaning crus is very rare, the more common word being leggr a leg. The Sansk. Lat. Grk. and the Slav. languages use a totally different root,-Sansk. asthi os: Lat. os: Grk. όστέoν: the Slav. branch kost, Boh. kost, Pol. kosc, all with an initial k. Grimm, Wrtbch. i. 1381, suggests, if crus could be proved to be the original meaning of bán, it might be related to βαίνειν, in the same way as Sansk. asthi to στήναι.]
Derived forms
breóst-bán, cin-, elpen-, hrycg-, wído-, ylpen-
Linked entries
v.  baan bán-wærc ban-snacan.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • BÁN, n.