Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

BEORGAN

  • verb [ strong ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
BEORGAN, ic beorge, ðú byrgst, byrhst, he byrgeþ, byrgþ, byrhþ, pl. beorgaþ; p. ic, he bearg, bearh, ðú burge, pl. burgon; impert. beorg, beorh, pl. beorgaþ, beorge ge; pp. borgen; v. a.
Wright's OE grammar
§85; §320; §500;
cum dat. To save, protect, shelter, defend, fortify, spare, preserve; servare, salvare, custodire, tueri, parcere
Show examples
  • Beorh ðínum feore

    salva animam tuam,

      Gen. 19, 17.
  • Woldon feore beorgan

    they would save their lives,

      Andr. Kmbl. 3075; An. 1540.
  • Beorh me, Drihten, swá swá man byrhþ ðám æplum on his eágum mid his brǽwum

    custodi me, Domine, ut pupillam oculi,

      Ps. Th. 16, 8.
  • Ðæt se bittra bryne beorgan sceolde ǽfæstum þrím

    that the bitter burning should spare the pious three,

      Exon. 53 b; Th. 189, 10; Az. 57.
dat. of the pers. acc. of the thing or following wið, -
To defend, secure, guard against, avoid; defendere, arcere, cavere, vitare
Show examples
  • Hý him hryre burgon

    they secured him from fall,

      Exon. 43 a; Th. 145, 30; Gú. 702 : 55 a; Th. 195, 21; Az. 159.
  • Hý beorgaþ him bealoníþ

    they guard themselves against baleful malice,

    44 b;
      Th. 150, 19; Gú. 781.
  • Druncen beorg ðé

    from drunkenness guard thyself,

    80 b;
      Th. 302, 10; Fä. 34.
  • Ðæt preóstas beorgan wið ofer-druncen

    that priests avoid [over-drinking] drunkenness,

      L. Edg. C. 57; Th. ii. 256, 13.
Etymology
[Orm. berrȝhenn : Plat. bargen : O. Sax. gi-bergan : M. H. Ger. bergen : O. H. Ger. perkan, bergan : Goth. bairgan : Dan. bjerge : Swed. berga : O. Nrs. biarga : Grm. Wrtbch. i. 1507 refers to Grk. φράγνυμι, φάργνυμι to hedge round, to secure.]
Derived forms
DER. be-beorgan, ge-, ymb-.
Linked entries
v.  bearg bearh.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • BEORGAN, v.