Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

BERAN

  • verb [ strong ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
BERAN, beoran, ic bere, beore, ðú birest, birst, byrst, he bireþ, byreþ, birþ, byrþ, pl. beraþ; p. ic, he bær, ðú bǽre, pl. bǽron; pp. boren; v. a.
Wright's OE grammar
§10; §18; §41; §45; §48; §54; §80; §93; §96; §106; §119; §120; §155; §156; §157; §162; §188; §196; §200; §211; §212; §213; §214; §215; §217; §218; §219; §224; §225; §226; §234; §238; §247; §278; §288; §292; §301; §475; §476; §477; §478; §480; §481; §482; §484; §486; §503;
to
BEAR, carry, bring, bear or carry a sacrifice, offer, bear off, carry out, extend, wear, support, endure, suffer; ferre, portare, afferre, offerre, deferre, proferre, extendere, gerere, tolerare
Show examples
  • Ðú eall þing birest

    thou bearest all things,

      Bt. Met. Fox 20, 551; Met. 20, 276.
  • Heó gár bireþ

    she beareth the javelin,

      Salm. Kmbl. 876; Sal. 437.
  • Eft byreþ ofer lagustreámas leófne mannan

    shall bear back over the water-streams the beloved man,

      Beo. Th. 598; B. 296 : 4117; B. 2055.
  • Se ðæt wicg byrþ

    he whom the horse carries,

      Elen. Kmbl. 2390; El. 1196.
  • On handum hí beraþ ðé

    in manibus portabunt te,

      Ps. Spl. 90, 12.
  • Secgas bǽron beorhte frætwa

    the warriors bare bright arms,

      Beo. Th. 432; B. 213.
  • Ðe bǽron byrðena on ðises dæges hǽtan

    qui portavimus pondus diei et æstus,

      Mt. Bos. 20, 12 : Lk. Bos. 11, 27.
  • Ne bere ge sacc

    nolite portare sacculum,

      Lk. Bos. 10, 4 : Ex. 22, 13.
  • Him wæs ful boren

    to him the cup was borne,

      Beo. Th. 2388; B. 1192 : Cd. 6; Th. 8, 7; Gen. 120.
  • Deóflum onsægdnesse bær

    dæmonibus hostias offerebat,

      Bd. 1, 7; S. 477, 13.
  • Byreþ blódig wæl

    will bear off my bloody corpse,

      Beo. Th. 900; B. 448.
  • Ða wiccungdóm wídest bǽron

    who carried the magic art furthest,

      Cd. 178; Th. 223, 18; Dan. 121.
  • Ðæt ða hætt beran móston

    that they might wear [bear] a hat,

      Ors. 4, 10; Bos. 96, 20, 18.
  • Ic nelle beran eówre gýmeleáste

    I will not endure your negligence,

      L. Ælf. C. 1; Th. ii. 342, 10.
to
BEAR, produce, bring forth; facere, ferre, edere, parere
Show examples
  • Ǽlc gód treów byrþ góde wæstmas

    every good tree produces [facit] good fruits,

      Mt. Bos. 7, 17 : 7; 18.
  • Ðæt wæs deáþes beám se bær bitres fela

    that was the tree of death which bare much of bitter,

      Cd. 24; Th. 31, 2; Gen. 479 : 30; Th. 40, 26; Gen. 645.
  • Gif he to ðæm ríce wæs on rihte boren

    if he to that kingdom was rightly born,

      Bt. Met. Fox 26, 92; Met. 26, 46.
Etymology
[O. Sax. beran ferre, portare : O. Frs. bera : O. H. Ger. beran ferre, parere, gignere, generare : Goth. bairan; p. bar, pl. berum; pp. bairans to bear, carry, bring, bear children : O. Nrs. bera ferre, portare, sustinere, tolerare : Grk. φέρειν : Sansk. bhri to bear, hence Goth. barn a child : A. Sax. bearn a child.]
Derived forms
DER. a-beran, æt-, be-, for-, fór-, forþ-, ge-, in-, on-, óþ-, to-, under-, up-, upa-, upge-, ymb- : berende, deáþ-, feorh-, gár-, helm-, leóht-, reord-, sǽd-, sweord-, un-, wæstm- : berend, gár-, gást-, helm-, reord-, sáwl-, segn-, tácn- : berendnis, un- : bere, -ærn, -corn, -flór, -gafol, -græs, -hláf, -sǽd, -tún, -wíc : berie, berige, berge, blæc-, byrig-, hind-, streów-, wín- : brid : bearn, cyne-, dryht-, folc-, freó-, frum-, god-, hǽlu-, húsul-, steóp-, sweostor-, world-, þryþ- : -cennung, -eácen, -eácnung, -gebyrdo, -gestreón, -lést, -lufe, -myrþra, -teám : bearm, -cláþ, -rægl : beorma, bearm, gebyrman : byre : ge-byrd, -dæg, -tíd, -wiglǽre, -witega : byrde, ge-, in- : frum-byrdling, in-byrdling : beorþ, berþ, berþ-estre, berþ-ling; hyse- : beorþor, -cwelm, -þínen, hyse- : bǽr, bǽran, bǽr-disc : bǽre, æppel-, corn-, cwealm-, cwyld-, hlís-, horn-, leóht-, lust-, wæstm-, unwæstm- : bǽrnes, lust-, wæstm-, unwæstm- : byrðen, mægen-, sorg-, syn- : bora, cǽg-, horn-, mund-, rǽd-, rǽs-, segen-, sóþ-, sweord-, tácn-, wǽg-, wǽpen-, wíg-, wóþ-, wróht- : boren, æðel-.
Linked entries
v.  a-beran æðel-boren aweg-beran bær bearn be-beran be-boren-inniht ge-byrd beoran berende berend.
Full form

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  • BERAN, v.