Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

ELLEN

  • noun [ masculine ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
ELLEN, gen. elnes; m. n.
Wright's OE grammar
§340;
Strength, power, vigour, valour, courage, fortitude; vis, rōbur, vĭgor, virtus, fortĭtūdo
Show examples
  • Wísdóm hæfþ on him feówer cræftas, ðara is án wærscipe, óðer metgung, þridde is ellen, feórþe rihtwísnes wisdom has in it four virtues, of which one is prudence, another temperance, the third is fortitude, the fourth justice, Bt. 27, 2; Fox 96, 34: Beo. Th. 1151; B. 573: Cd. 64; Th. 78, 5; Gen. 1288: Exon. 52 b; Th. 183, 4; Gú. 1322: Andr. Kmbl. 920; An. 460: Menol. Fox 491; Gn. C. 16, Ða him wæs elnes þearf

    when he had need of valour,

    • Beo. Th. 5745
    • ;
    • B. 2876: Cd. 47
    • ;
    • Th. 59,
    • 32;
    • Gen. 972: Exon. 45 b
    • ;
    • Th. 156,
    • 3;
    • Gú. 869: Andr. Kmbl. 2002
    • ;
    • An. 1003: Elen. Kmbl. 1446
    • ;
    • El. 725: Salm. Kmbl. 21
    • ;
    • al. 11: Ps. Th. 118,
    • 23.
  • Wæs Gúþlác on elne strong

    Guthlac was strong in courage.

    • Exon. 36 b
    • ;
    • Th. 119,
    • 34;
    • Gú. 264: 62 b
    • ;
    • Th. 231,
    • 4;
    • Ph. 484: Beo. Th. 5624
    • ;
    • B. 2816
    • .
  • Hæfde him on innan ellen untweódne

    he had within him unwavering courage,

    • Andr. Kmbl. 2485
    • ;
    • An. 1244: Beo. Th. 5384
    • ;
    • B. 2695
    • .
  • Ic gefremman sceal eorlíc ellen

    I shall perform a manly deed of valour,

    • Beo. Th. 1278
    • ;
    • B. 637
    • .
  • Ne lǽt ðín ellen gedreosan

    let not thy strength sink,

    • Wald. 10
    • ;
    • Vald. 1, 6: Beo. Th. 1208
    • ;
    • B. 602: Exon. 120 b
    • ;
    • Th. 463,
    • 7;
    • Hö. 66: Apstls. Kmbl. 6
    • ;
    • Ap. 3
    • .
  • Ellen fremman

    to do a deed of valour,

    • Andr. Kmbl. 2418
    • ;
    • An. 1210: Beo. Th. 6
    • ;
    • B. 3
    • .
  • Moyses bebeád folc hycgan on ellen

    Moses bade the people think on valour,

    • Cd. 154
    • ;
    • Th. 191,
    • 22;
    • Exod. 218: Fins. Th. 21
    • ;
    • Fin. 11: Ps. Th. 93,
    • 2.
  • Engel hine elne trymede

    an angel strengthened him with courage,

    • Exon. 35 a
    • ;
    • Th. 113,
    • 21;
    • Gú. 161: Cd. 98
    • ;
    • Th. 129,
    • 2;
    • Gen. 2137: Beo. Th. 5715
    • ;
    • B. 2861: Andr. Kmbl. 1966
    • ;
    • An. 985: Rood Kmbl. 67
    • ;
    • Kr. 34: Ps. Th. 128,
    • 5.
  • Elne

    with strength, power, or courage, strongly, powerfully, courageously;

    strēnue, fortĭter,
    • Beo. Th. 3938
    • ;
    • B. 1967: Exon. 80 a
    • ;
    • Th. 300,
    • 18;
    • Fä. 8: Ps. Th. 52, 5: 59, 4: 118, 4,
    • 176.
Etymology
[
Orm. ellennlæs powerless:
O. Sax. ellien, ellen, n. strength, manhood:
M. H. Ger. ellen, n. strength, manhood:
O. H. Ger. ellan, m. zēlus, rōbur, virtus:
Goth. alyan, n. zeal:
Icel. eljan, elja, f. endurance, energy
.]
Derived forms
mægen-ellen
Linked entries
v.  alor ellarn ellyn elnes ellern elle.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • ELLEN, n.