Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

GÁST

  • noun [ masculine ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
GÁST, gǽst, es; m.
Wright's OE grammar
§7; §133; §298; §306; §315; §335; §419;
the breath; hālĭtus, spīrāmen
Show examples
  • Ne ne is gást on múþe heora

    there is not breath in their mouth,

    • Ps. Spl. 134, 17.
  • Ðæt ic ofsleá eall flǽsc, on ðam ðe ys lífes gást

    that I may slay all flesh, in which is the breath of life,

    • Gen. 6, 17.
  • Mid gáste múþes his

    with the breath of his mouth,

    • Ps. Lamb. 32, 6.
  • Blǽde oððe gáste

    spīrāmĭne,

    • Hymn Surt. 43, 36.
the spirit, soul, GHOST; spīrĭtus, anĭmus, ănĭma
Show examples
  • Gást

    spīrĭtus,

    • Wrt. Voc. 76, 31.
  • Se gást is hræd

    spīrĭtus promptus est.

    • Mt. Bos. 26, 41 : Gen. 45, 27 : Num. 11, 25, 26 : Soul Kmbl. 17
    • ;
    • Seel. 9.
  • Nó man scyle his gástes lufan wið Gode dǽlan

    a man ought not to divide his spirit's love with God,

    • Cd. 173
    • ;
    • Th. 217, 11
    • ;
    • Dan. 21 : Andr. Kmbl. 310
    • ;
    • An. 155 : Salm. Kmbl. 131
    • ;
    • Sal. 65.
  • Hwyder ic gange fram gáste ðínum

    quo ībo a spīrĭtu tuo?

    • Ps. Spl. 138, 6 : Num. 11, 17, 25 : Elen. Kmbl. 939
    • ;
    • El. 471 : Exon. 35 a
    • ;
    • Th. 113, 18
    • ;
    • Gú. 159.
  • Bidde ic weoroda God, ðæt ic gást mínne agifan móte

    I pray [thee] God of hosts, that I may give up my spirit,

    • Andr. Kmbl. 2831
    • ;
    • An. 1418
    • ;
    • Salm. Kmbl. 110
    • ;
    • Sal. 54 : Menol. Fox 340
    • ;
    • Men. 171 : Elen. Kmbl. 958
    • ;
    • El. 480.
  • Gástas hwurfon, sóhton engla éðel

    souls departed, sought the home of angels,

    • Andr. Kmbl. 1280
    • ;
    • An. 640 : Exon. 100 a
    • ;
    • Th. 375, 6
    • ;
    • Seel. 134.
  • Gásta weardas

    the guardians of spirits,

    • Cd. 2
    • ;
    • Th. 3, 25
    • ;
    • Gen. 41.
  • Gásta helm

    the protector of spirits, God,

    • Cd. 86
    • ;
    • Th. 107, 22
    • ;
    • Gen. 1793.
  • Arás Metodes þeów gástum togeánes

    the Lord's servant [Lot] arose towards the spirits [angels],

    • 111
    • ;
    • Th. 140, 30
    • ;
    • Gen. 2430.
  • Folc wæs afǽred, flódegsa becwom gástas geómre

    the folk was affrighted, the flood-dread seized on the sad souls,

    • 166
    • ;
    • Th. 206, 5
    • ;
    • Exod. 447.
  • Se hálga Gást

    the holy Ghost;

    Spīrĭtus sanctus,

    • Mk. Bos. 13, 11 : Lk. Bos. 1, 15, 35 : 2, 25, 26 : Jn. Bos. 20, 22 : Elen. Kmbl. 2287
    • ;
    • El. 1145.
  • Se unclǽna gást

    the unclean spirit,

    • Mt. Bos. 12, 43 : Mk. Bos. 1, 23 : 5, 13 : Lk. Bos. 4, 36 : Elen. Kmbl. 603
    • ;
    • El. 302.
  • Se werega gást

    the accursed spirit, the devil,

    • Cd. 216
    • ;
    • Th. 272, 27
    • ;
    • Sat. 126.
  • Werige gástas

    accursed spirits, devils, demons,

    • Cd. 227
    • ;
    • Th. 304, 15
    • ;
    • Sat. 630.
Etymology
[
Piers P. goost
:
Chauc. gost, goste
:
R. Brun. gaste
:
Laym. gæst, gast, gost
:
Orm. gast
:
Scot. gest a ghost, spirit
:
Plat. geest, m
:
O. Sax. gést, gást, geist, m
:
Frs. gæst
:
O. Frs. gast, iest, m
:
Dut. geest, m
:
Ger. M. H. Ger. O. H. Ger. geist, m
:
Goth. gaisyan to be frightened
:
Dan. geist, m. f
:
Swed. gast, m. an evil spirit, ghost.
]
Derived forms
ǽrend-gást, cear-, ellen-, ellor-, geósceaft-, heáh-, helle-, wuldor-,
Linked entries
v.  gaast gǽst góst gǽst.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • GÁST, n.