Bosworth Toller's


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  • noun [ neuter ]
Dictionary links
ge-mót, es; n.
Wright's OE grammar
A meeting, coming together, MOOT, assembly, council; conventus, congregatio, concursus
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  • Gármitting gumena gemót wǽpengewrixl

    the meeting of spears, concourse of men, exchange of weapons,

      Chr. 937; Erl. 114, 16; Æðelst. 50: Exon. 72 a; Th. 268, 3; Jul. 426.
  • Gif he leng bide láðran gemótes

    if he should longer await a more hostile meeting,

    36 a;
      Th. 116, 15; Gú. 207: Byrht. Th. 140, 40; By. 301.
  • Híg hæfdon mycel gemót

    they held a great council,

      Mt. Bos. 26, 4: 26, 59: 28, 12.
  • Se gedwola cwæþ gemót ongeán ðone bisceop

    the heretic proclaimed a council against the bishop,

      Homl. Th. i. 290, 12.
  • Ðú me oft aweredest wyrigra gemótes

    protexisti me a conventu malignantium,

      Ps. Th. 63, 2: Andr. Kmbl. 2120; An. 1061: Exon. 34 a; Th. 109, 31; Gú. 98.
  • Ðǽr monig beoþ on gemót lǽded fore onsýne éces déman

    there many a one shall be brought to the assembly before the face of the eternal Judge,

    19 b;
      Th. 50, 5; Cri. 795: 21 b; Th. 58, 30; Cri. 943: 23 a; Th. 63, 29; Cri. 1027.
  • On gemót cuman

    to come to the assembly,

      Elen. Kmbl. 558; El. 279.
  • Gif hwá gemót forsitte

    if any one fail to attend the 'gemot,'

      L. Athelst. 20; Th. i. 208, 26.
  • Hwí biþ elles ǽlce dæge swelc seófung and swelce geflítu and gemót and dómas why else is every day such sorrow and such contentions and assemblies and judgments, Bt. 26,

      2; Fox 92, 16.
  • ¶ Witena gemót an assembly of the wise [sapientum conventus,
      Bd. 3, 5; S. 527, 23
    ]; the supreme council of the Anglo-Saxon nation or parliament. Mr. Kemble, in his 'Saxons in England,' vol. ii. page 203, A. D. 1849, says-'The proper [Anglo-] Saxon name for these assemblies was Witena gemót, literally the meeting of the witan [or the wise or experienced]; but we also find,-Micel gemót the great meeting; Sinoþlíc gemót the synodal meeting; Seonoþ

    the synod.

    The Latin names are Concĭlium, Conventus, Synŏdus, Synŏdāle concĭliābŭlum, and the like. Although synŏdus and seonoþ might more properly be confined to ecclesiastical conventions, the Saxons do not appear to have made any distinction; probably because ecclesiastical and secular regulations were made by the same body, and at the same time.... It is very probable that the ... system of separate houses for the clergy and laity prevailed ..., and that merely ecclesiastical affairs were decided by the king and clergy alone. It is probable that even in strictly ecclesiastical synods, the king had a presidency at least, as head of the church in his dominions,
      Cod. Dipl. 116; A. D. 767; Kmbl. i. 142, 143.
    There are some acts [of the Witena Gemót], in which the signatures are those of clergymen only, others in which the clerical signatures are followed and, as it were, confirmed by those of the laity; and in one remarkable case of this kind, the king signs at the head of each list, as if he had in fact affixed his mark successively in the two houses, as president of each.' See above,
      Cod. Dipl. 116.
  • Se cyng hæfde ðǽr [MS. ðæs] on morgen witena gemót

    on the morrow the king [Edward] had there a meeting of the wise,

      Chr. 1052; Erl. 181, 9.
  • Wæs ðá witena gemót

    then there was a meeting of the wise,

      1052; Erl. 184, 35.
  • Hæfde Eádwerde cing witena gemót on Lunden

    king Edward had a meeting of the wise in London,

      1050; Erl. 176, 9.
  • See also Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. cap. vi. Bisceopa gemót

    a meeting of bishops,

      Bd. 1, 14: S. 482, 3.5.
  • Be geotum of moots. And séce man hundred-gemót swá hit ǽr geset wæs; hæbbe man þríwa on geáre burh-gemót; and túwa, scir-gemót, and ðǽr beó on ðære scire bisceop and se ealdorman, and ðǽr ǽgðer tǽcan ge Godes riht ge woruld-riht

    and let the hundred-moot be attended as it was before fixed; and thrice in the year let a city-moot be held; and twice a shire-moot; and let there be present the bishop of the shire and the alderman, and there each expound both God's law [right] and the world's law,

      L. Edg. ii. 5; Th. i. 268, 1-5.
  • Ðás gemót

    these moots,

      7; Th. i. 268, 15.
  • See Schmid A. S. Gesetz. 595-6.
Derived forms
DER. burh-gemót, folc-, halle-, hundred-, scir-.
Linked entries
v.  ge-mét.
Full form


  • ge-mót, n.