Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

HERE

  • noun [ masculine ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
HERE, gen. heres, heriges, herges; m.
Wright's OE grammar
§5; §47; §55; §156; §274; §278; §351; §353;
An army, a host, multitude, a large predatory band [it is the word which in the Chronicle is always used of the Danish force in England, while the English troops are always the fyrd], hence the word is used for devastation and robbery
Show examples
  • Ne dohte hit nú lange inne né úte ac wæs here and hunger bryne and blódgyte

    it is now long since matters were thriving at home or abroad, but there has been ravaging and famine, burning and bloodshed,

      Swt. A. S. Rdr. 106, 68.
  • Micel here

    turba multa,

      Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 14, 14.
  • Here legio, Lk. Skt. Lind. 8, 30:

    exercitus,

      23, 11.
  • Þeófas wé hátaþ óð vii men from vii. hlóþ óð xxxv siððan biþ here up to seven men we call thieves, from seven to thirty-five a gang, after that it is an army, L. In. 13; Th. i. 110,

      14. [Cf. L. In. 15; Th. i. 112, 1, be herige; and L. Alf. 28; Th. i. 52, 2.
    ] Hé gearo wǽre tó ðæs heres þearfe

    he would be ready to supply the needs of the Danes,

      Chr. 874; Erl. 76, 32: 878; Erl. 80, 3.
  • Ðæs heriges hám eft ne com ǽnig tó láfe

    of that host came no remnant back home,

      Cd. 167; Th. 209, 30; Exod. 507: Elen. Kmbl. 410; El. 205.
  • Herges,

      285; El. 143.
  • On Eást-Englum wurdon monige men ofslægene from ðam herige

    in East Anglia many men were slain by the Danes,

      Chr. 838; Erl. 66, 15: Andr. Kmbl. 2397; An. 1200.
  • Herge,

      Cd. 4; Th. 4, 9; Gen. 51: Beo. Th. 2500; B. 1248.
  • Se ðæm here waldeþ

    who rules that host,

      Bt. Met. Fox 25, 30; Met. 25, 15.
  • Sió fierd ðone here gefliémde

    the English force put the Danish to flight,

      Chr. 894; Erl. 90, 26.
  • Swá oft swá ða óðre hergas mid ealle herige út fóron ðonne fóron hie

    as often as the other armies marched out in full force then they marched,

      Erl. 90, 5.
  • Tuelf hergas

    duodecim legiones,

      Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 26, 53.
  • Hergia[s]

    agmina,

      Rtl. 115, 10.
  • Ðý læs ǽfre cweðan óðre þeóda hǽðene herigeas

    nequando dicant in gentibus,

      Ps. Th. 78, 10: Andr. Kmbl. 1304; An. 652.
  • Herigea mǽste

    with the greatest of hosts,

      3001; An. 1503.
  • Herega,

      Cd. 209; Th. 259, 29; Dan. 699.
  • Heriga,

      Elen. Kmbl. 295; El. 148.
  • Herga,

      230; El. 115.
  • Betwuh ðǽm twám hergum

    between the two armies,

      Chr. 894; Erl. 90, 9: Elen. Kmbl. 219; El. 110.
  • Herigum,

      811; El. 406.
Etymology
[Laym. Orm. here: Goth. harjis. O. Sax. heri: O. Frs. hiri, here: Icel. herr: O. H. Ger. hari, heri exercitus, agmen: Ger. heer.]
Derived forms
DER. æsc-, égor-, flot-, forþ-, gúþ-, inn-, ísern-, sin-, scip-, þeód-, út-, wæl-here.
Linked entries
v.  flot-herge hors-here.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • HERE, n.