Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

seóþan

  • verb [ strong ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
seóþan, p. seáþ, pl. sudon; pp. soden.
Wright's OE grammar
§106; §137; §494;
to seethe, boil, cook in a liquid
Show examples
  • Ic seóþe

    coquo,

      Ælfc. Gr. 28, 5; Zup. 175, 16.
  • Gif ðú seóþest rúdan on ele,

      Lchdm. ii. 206, 23.
  • Gif mon sýþ gárleác on henne broþe,

      Lchdm. ii. 276, 15.
  • Seóþ on wætere tó þriddan dǽle, i. 72, 2.
  • Seóþ on wíne,

      134, 4.
  • Seóþaþ (

    coquite

    ) eówerne mete beforan ðæs temples dura,
      Lev. 8, 31.
  • Seóþe on strangum wíne,

      Lchdm. i. 142, 2.
  • Seóþan ða þingc ðe tó seóþenne synd

    coquere quae coquenda sunt,

      Coll. Monast. Th. 29, 19.
metaph.
with the idea of purification,
to subject to a fiery ordeal, to try as with fire
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  • Seóþeþ swearta lég synne on fordónum . . . óþ ðæt hafaþ ældes leóma woraldwidles wom forbærned,

      Exon. Th. 62, 1 ; Cri. 995.
  • Ðú mé sude mid ðam fýre monegra earfoþa swá swá gold

    igne me examinasti,

      Ps. Th. 16, 3.
to subject to great pain, to afflict grievously
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  • Mé elþeódige searonet seóþaþ

    me barbarian snares afflict

    (?),
      Andr. Kmbl. 127; An. 64.
  • Mid ðý hé ðá lange mid swígendum nearonessum his módes and mid ðý blindan fýre soden wæs

    cum diu tacitis mentes angoribus et caeco carperetur igni,

      Bd. 2, 13; S. 513. 34.
  • Herebryht wæs mid singale untrumnesse soden and swenced,

      4, 29; 8. 607, 41.
  • Sorgwylmum soden,

      Exon. Th. 166, 21; Gú. 1046: 171, 7; Gú. 1123: 177, 32; Gú. 1236.
  • Sárbennum soden, Andr. Kmbl. 2479; An. 1241. (2 a) to reduce by pain or disease :-- Heó swá swýðe mid ða untrumnysse soden wæs ðæt ða bán án tó láfe wǽron

    in tantum ea infirmitate decocta est, ut vix ossibus haereret,

      Bd. 4, 9; S. 577, 15.
to prepare food for the mind, to make fear, hope, etc.,
subjects with which the mind may be occupied; cf. to feed a person with hopes
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  • Ic ðæs módceare sorhwylmum seáþ

    on account of your dangerous journey anxiety was the food I prepared for my mind,

      Beo. Th. 3990; 1993.
  • Swá ða mǽlceare maga Healfdenes singala seáþ

    Hrothgar had that care ever ready to feed his mind with,

    382 ;
      B. 190.
Etymology
[O. Frs. siatha : O. H. Ger. siodan: Icel. sjóða: cf. Goth. sauths a burnt-offering.]
Similar entries
v. á-, be-, for-, ofer-, tó-seóþan; ge-, healf-, sám-, unsoden.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • seóþan, v.