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Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

wunian

  • verb [ weak ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
wunian, p. ode
Wright's OE grammar
§109; §536;
To dwell, remain
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  • Wunat

    inmoratur,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 111, 76.
  • Wunaþ

    constat,

      Kent. Gl. 1176.
  • Wunian

    consistere,

    190.
of living creatures,
to dwell, abide, stay, remain, live,
of dwelling in a place or with a person,
with preps. or adverbs
Show examples
  • Ðú geond holt wunast

    thou shalt live in the woods,

      Cd. Th. 252, 6; Dan. 574.
  • Ðú in heánnissum wunast mid Waldend Fæder,

      Exon. Th. 10, 36; Cri. 163.
  • Se þeów ne wunaþ (

    manet

    ) on húse on écnesse; se sunu wunaþ on écnesse,
      Jn. Skt. 8, 35.
  • Pellicane gelíc, se on wéstene wunaþ,

      Ps. Th. 101, 5.
  • Monna gehwylc cwic þendan hér wunaþ,

      Exon. Th. 37, 8; Cri. 590.
  • Ða hwíle ðe wé on ðysse worlde wuniaþ,

      Blickl. Homl. 103, 24.
  • Him (

    the whale

    ) ða férend on fæste wuniaþ, wíc weardiaþ,
      Exon. Th. 361, 26; Wal. 25.
  • Mislíce wildeór wuniaþ (

    morantur

    ) on wudum,
      Coll. Monast. Th. 22, 23.
  • On heán muntum heortas wuniaþ,

      Ps. Th. 103, 17.
  • Ic on wéstene wunode lange

    mansi in solitudine,

      54, 7.
  • Wunude,

      83, 1.
  • Hé wunode ðǽr on mynstre,

      Homl. Skt. i. 6, 99.
  • Hé on ðæm lande feala wintra wunode,

      Blickl. Homl. 113, 13.
  • Hé wunode be Iordane,

      Cd. Th. 116, 5; Gen. 1931.
  • Hé ðǽr wunode mid him,

      Blickl. Homl. 239, 18: 249, 16: Exon. Th. 162, 8; Gú. 972: Beo. Th. 2261; B. 1128.
  • Wé cómun tó ðam ðæt wé wunedon on ðínum lande,

      Gen. 47, 4.
  • Ðá hig wunedon on Galiléa

    conversantibus eis in Galilaea,

      Mt. Kmbl. 17, 22.
  • Hié ealle onyppan wunedon, bídende ðæs Hálgan Gástes,

      Blickl. Homl. 133, 26.
  • Wunedon on ðám wícum Abraham and Loth,

      Cd. Th. 113, 20; Gen. 1890.
  • Wuna mid úsic and ðé wíc geceás,

      164, 29; Gen. 2722.
  • Medmicel fæc nú gyt wuna mid ús,

      Blickl. Homl. 247, 33.
  • Wuna in ðære wínbyrig,

      Andr. Kmbl. 3340; An. 1674.
  • Wuniaþ (wunas, Lind.: wynigaþ, Rush.

    manete

    ) ðǽr,
      Mt. Kmbl. 10, 11.
  • Wunigaþ on ðam ylcan húse,

      Lk. Skt. 10, 7.
  • Eal ðæt manegu ðe him mid wunige,

      Andr. Kmbl. 1890; An. 947.
  • Hí on his neáweste wunian,

      Ps. Th. 148, 14.
  • Beón, gif hí man acwellaþ, cwelle hig man raþe,...ðæt hig ofer niht ðǽron ne wunigon (

    restent

    ),
      L. Ecg. C. 39; Th. ii. 164, 3.
  • Ic wylle tó-dæg on ðínum húse wunian (tó wunianne, Lind.: tó wuniganne, Rush.

    manere

    ),
      Lk. Skt. 19, 5.
  • Wunian on éðle,

      Cd. Th. 294, 27; Sat. 477.
  • Mid wuldorcyninge wunian,

      283, 30; Sat. 312.
  • In worulde wunian,

      Exon. Th. 51, 21; Cri. 819.
  • Wunian in wícum,

      316, 9; Mód. 46.
  • Wunigan in wuldre mid weoroda God,

      22, 5; Cri. 347: Blickl. Homl. 25, 35.
  • Hé leng mid him líchomlíce wunian nolde,

      135, 22.
  • Hé on his módor bósme wunigende wæs,

      165, 18.
  • Wǽron ealle ða apostolas wunigende on ánre stówe,

      133, 15.
with dat. (inst.)
Show examples
  • Hé wícum wunode,

      Cd. Th. 108, 26; Gen. 1812.
  • Abraham wunode éðeleardum Cananéa,

      116, 32; Gen. 1945.
  • Wuna ðǽm ðé ágon

    abide with those own thee,

      138, 18; Gen. 2293.
  • Wícum wunian,

      Beo. Th. 6158; B. 3083.
with acc. to inhabit a place, live in or
on
Show examples
  • Hé heánne beám wunaþ,

      Exon. Th. 209, 17; Ph. 172.
  • Ic íscealdne sǽ winter wunade,

      306, 29; Seef. 15.
  • Ða ðe hleóleásan wíc hwíle wunedon,

      Andr. Kmbl. 262; An. 131.
  • Wunian wíc unsýfre,

      2621; An. 1310.
  • Wederburg wunian,

      3391; An. 1699.
  • Seó ðe wunian sceolde cealde streámas,

      Beo. Th. 2525; B. 1260: Cd. Th. 280, 22; Sat. 259: 282, 36; Sat. 297.
  • Ic (

    the soul) ðé (the body) wunian sceolde, Soul Kmbl. 86; Seel. 43.in figurative expressions :-- Se fugel wunaþ wyllestreámas (bathes ),

      Exon. Th. 204, 29; Ph. 105.
  • Wunian wælreste to lie dead, 184, 10; Gú. 1342: Beo. Th. 5796; B. 2902:

    to be buried,

      Elen. Kmbl. 1444; El. 724.
  • Reste wunian

    to sleep,

      Cd. Th. 223, 22; Dan. 123: Rood Kmbl. 6; Kr. 3.
to live, be in certain conditions or circumstances,
with prep. or adv.
Show examples
  • Þenden ic wunige on worulddreámum

    quamdiu ero,

      Ps. Th. 103, 31.
  • Seó sáwel ðe wunaþ on heofena ríces gefeán,

      Blickl. Homl. 57, 31.
  • Wunaþ hé on wiste, ne hine wiht dréfeþ,

      Beo. Th. 3474; B. 1735.
  • Ða menigo ðe wuniaþ on nearonédum,

      Andr. Kmbl. 202; An. 101.
  • On fýrbæðe ðú wunodest,

      Elen. Kmbl. 1897; El. 950.
  • Hé in yrmðum wunade,

      Andr. Kmbl. 326; An. 163.
  • Wé wunodon on wynnum,

      Cd. Th. 279, 12; Sat. 237.
  • Hí wunedon ætsomne,

      Met. 20, 243.
  • Wunian on écean wuldre,

      Blickl. Homl. 105, 1.
  • In wynnum wunian,

      Cd. Th. 299, 26; Sat. 556: Exon. Th. 140, 2; Gú. 604.
  • Wunian in wylme,

      Salm. Kmbl. 933; Sal, 466.
  • Adam wæs wunigende on ðisum lífe mid geswince,

      Homl. Th. i. 20; 6.
with dat. (inst.)
Show examples
  • Hé wunaþ unlustum,

      Salm. Kmbl. 538; Sal. 268.
  • Heó helltregum wunodon,

      Cd. Th. 5, 19; Gn. 74.
  • Eádig weorþan, wunian wyndagum,

      Exon. Th. 330, 34; Vy. 61.
with noun or adj.
Show examples
  • Borhhond [hé] wunade

    fidejussu exstitit,

      Kent. Gl. 743.
  • Wunude

    extitit (praestantior),

      Hpt. Gl. 511, 60.
  • Ðæt ðú langlíf ofer eorðan wunie,

      Homl. Th. ii. 36, 2.
  • Ána lifgan, wineleás wunian,

      Exon. Th. 344, 15; Gn. Ex. 174.
to abide, be present with a person to comfort or help
Show examples
  • Ic ðé mid wunige,

      Andr. Kmbl. 198; An. 99: Exon. Th. 30, 12; Cri. 478.
  • God wunaþ on him

    est in ipsis Dominus,

      Num. 16, 3.
of things abstract or concrete,
to be, rest, reside, remain,
in respect to locality,
occupy a position
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  • Wunaþ morabitur, Kent. Gl. 481:

    commorabitur,

    540.
with prep. or adv.
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  • Se hálga stenc wunaþ geond wynlond,

      Exon. Th. 203, 10; Ph. 82.
  • Ðǽr se wísdóm wunaþ on gemyndum,

      Met. 7, 39.
  • Lyft on niiddum wunaþ,

      20, 79.
  • Mid ðam wítegendlícum gáste ðe on ðé wunaþ,

      Homl. Skt. i. 18, 282: Cd. Th. 56, 7; Gen. 908.
  • Wæter ðe wuniaþ gyt under fæstenne folca hrófes,

      10, 6; Gen. 152.
  • Eorðe and wæter wuniaþ on fýre,

      Met. 20, 148.
  • Beorh wunode on wonge,

      Beo. Th. 4476; B. 2242.
  • Se monlíca stille wunode, ðǽr hié begeat wíte,

      Cd. Th. 155, 3; Gen. 2567.
  • Egesa on hreóstum wunode,

      173, 24; Gen. 2866.
  • Treów on ðé wunade,

      Exon. Th. 6, 12; Cri. 83: 126, 4; Gú. 366.
  • Hwæþer him yfel ðe gód under wunige,

      82, 4; Cri. 1333.
  • Þéh mín líchama on niðerdǽlum eorðan wunige,

      Ps. Th. 138, 13.
  • Saga mé hwǽr seó ród wunige,

      Elen. Kmbl. 1244; El. 624.
  • Tó manna heortan, ǽr Drihtnes weorc ðǽr wunian móte,

      Blickl. Homl. 19, 8: 111, 5.
  • Ǽnigne dǽl secgas geségon on sele wunian,

      Beo. Th. 6248; B. 3128.
  • Geweoton hí mearcland tredan, forlǽton moldern wunigean, open eorðscræfu,

      Andr. Kmbl. 1605; An. 803.
  • Lazarus, ðe Crist áwehte ðý feorþan dæge ðæs ðe hé on byrgenne wæs fúl wunigende,

      Blickl. Homl. 75, 5.
with acc.
Show examples
  • Ðæt treów sceolde wésten wunian,

      Cd. Th. 251, 5; Dan. 559.
  • Hine gærsbedd sceal wunian,

      Ps. Th. 102, 15.
of state or, circumstance:Inc sceal sealt wæter wunian on gewealde, Cd. Th. 13, 7; Gen. 199. Ðá ðá ðis ígland wæs wunigende on sibbe, Homl. Skt. i. 13, 148,
to consist of or in, subsist, exist. v. wunung, III
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  • On wordum Godes ríce ne wunaþ, ac on ánwylnysse ðæs hálgan geleáfan,

      Guth. prol.; Gdwin. 2, 15.
  • Ðeós lyft ys án ðæra feówer gesceafta, ðe ǽlc líchamlíc ðing on wunaþ. Feówer gesceafta synd, ðe ealle eorðlíce líchaman on wuniaþ,

      Lchdm. iii. 272, 11-13.
  • Ða hálgan þrynnysse on ánre godcundnysse ǽfre wunigende,

      Homl. Skt. i. 15, 216: 16, 1.
  • Nis ná se Hálga Gást wunigende on his gecynde swá swá hé gesewen wæs, for ðan ðe hé is ungesewenlíc,

      Homl. Th. i. 322, 17.
  • Him (

    man

    ) is gemǽne mid stánum ðæt hé beó wunigende; him is gemǽne mid treówum ðæt hé lybbe,
      302, 20.
  • Hí nǽron ǽfre wunigende, ac God hí gesceóp,

      276, 15.
  • God is þurh hine sylfne wunigende, ii. 236, 18.
where there is permanence, continuity,
to remain, last, continue, endure
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  • Ðú wunast

    tu permanebis,

      Ps. Th. 101, 23.
  • Ðú on écnesse wunast

    tu in aeternum permanes,

      101, 10: 92, 3.
  • Ðǽr nóht elles ne wunaþ,

      Blickl. Homl. 101, 5.
  • Ðínne naman ðe wunaþ on ealra worlda world,

      143, 31: Ps. Th. 111, 8.
  • Seó ðe ǽfre wæs and eác nú wunaþ,

      Homl. Skt. i. 15, 217.
  • Þenden ðǽr wunaþ húsa sélest,

      Beo. Th. 574; B. 284.
  • Swá hwylc swá on elne óþ his ende wunaþ, se bid hál,

      Blickl. Homl. 171, 26: Homl. Th. ii. 502, 21.
  • Ðære wylne sunu wunaþ eal his líf on ðeówte, i. 110, 29.
  • Wuniaþ ða wácran,

      Exon. Th. 311, 4; Seef. 87.
  • Gif hé wunode ofer middæg

    if he continued to live past noon,

      Homl. Skt. i. 3. 595.
  • Lucia on ðære ylcan stówe wunode ðe heó ofslagen wæs

    Lucia remained lying in the same place that she was struck down,

      9, 146.
  • Se snáw leng ne wunede ðonne áne tíde,

      Nar. 23, 21.
  • Hí wunedun (wéren wungiende

    mansissent,

      Lind.) óð ðysne dæg, Mt. Kmbl. 11, 23.
  • Ðæt hió ne wunian on worldlífe

    ita ut non sint,

      Ps. Th. 103, 33.
  • Herenes Drihtnes hér sceal wunian on worulda woruld

    laudatio ejus manet in seculum seculi,

      110, 8: 118, 44, 91.
  • Hæfð hé ðæt gewrixle geset ðe nú wunian sceal,

      Met. 11, 56.
  • On sáre his líchoma sceal hér wunian,

      Blickl. Homl. 61, 1: Exon. Th. 7, 19; Cri. 103.
  • Eallum rihtgelýfdum mannum wunigendum for his noman,

      Blickl. Homl. 171, 14. IV a.
  • Ðú unstilla gesceafta ástyrest and ðé self wunast swíðe stille,

      Met. 20, 16.
  • God ána unáwendendlíc wunaþ,

      Bt. 35, 5; Fox 166, 9.
  • Gescylded á wunaþ ungewyrded, þenden woruld stondeþ,

      Exon. Th. 210, 5; Ph. 181.
  • Hió dumb wunaþ,

      414, 7; Rä. 32, 16.
  • Heó wæs mid twám werum and swá ðeáh wunode mǽden,

      Homl. Skt. i. 20, 3.
  • Se hearda hyge hálig wunode,

      Exon. Th. 135, 1; Gu. 517.
  • Hí ðágyt hǽðene wunodon,

      Homl. Th. ii. 502, 23.
  • Is sǽd of ðære tíde ðe hí þanon gewiton óþ tódæge ðæt ðæt land wéste wunige (

    manere desertus perhibetur

    ),
      Bd. 1, 15; S. 483, 27.
  • Ðis ungefremed wunie,

      L. Ath. i. proem.; Th. i. 198, 13.
  • Hé hét wunian wyrtruman eorðan fæstne,

      Cd. Th. 248, 20; Dan. 516.
  • Sceal lufu uncer wǽrfæst wunian,

      Exon. Th. 173, 19; Gú. 1163.
  • Abrames wíf wæs ðágit wuniende bútan cildum

    she remained still childless,

      Gen. 16, 1.
to be wont
Show examples
  • Ic gewunige soleo, wunigende

    solens,

      Ælfc. Gr. 41; Zup. 247, 5.
Etymology
[O. E. Homl. wunian: A. R. Kath. wunien: Laym. wunien, wonien: Orm. wunenn: Gen. and Ex. wunen: Ayenb. wonie: Chauc. Piers P. Wick. wone: O. Sax. wonón, wunón: O. Frs. wona, wuna: O. H. Ger. wonén habitare, morari, conversari, manere, solere.]
Similar entries
v. á-, ge-, on-, þurh-wunian; án-, dryht-, weorold-wuniende.
Linked entries
v.  wynian.
Full form

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  • wunian, v.