Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

helm

Dictionary links
Wright's OE grammar
§80; §276; §282; §335;
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a covering for the head.
a helmet
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  • Helm galea, Wrt. Voc. i. 84, 10:

    cassium,

    ii.
      103, 38: 14, 5: 129, 24.
  • Þǽr wæs helm monig, eald and ómig,

      B. 2762.
  • Helm sceal cénum,

      On. Ex. 205.
  • Wæs of þǽm hróran helm and byrne álýsed,

      B. 1629.
  • Wæs his helm þyrl,

      Fin. 45.
  • Helmes

    cassidis,

      Wrt. Voc. ii 103, 34: 13, 61: 129, 25 : An. Ox. 2, 417.
  • Ymb þæs helmes hróf heáfodbeorge wírum bewunden wál an útan heóld, B 1032.
  • Ecg sceal wið helme hilde gebídan,

      Gn. C. 16.
  • Sweord swín oter helme ecgum dyhtig andweard scireð,

      B. 1286.
  • Seó ecg helm oft gescær, 1526: 2973.
  • Þonne rond and hand on herefelda helm ealgodon,

      An. 10.
  • Módcræftig smið gewyrced tó wera hilde helm oððe hupseax,

      Crii. 64.
  • Helmas

    cassida,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 14,
    Fóron tó gefeohte hæleð under helmum, Jud. 203.
  • Hæleð . . . helmum þeahte,

      Gen. 1089.
  • Ád helmum behong. n, hilde-bordum beorhtum byrnum, B. 3139. ¶ epithets of the helmet are brún, Jud. 318 : brún-fáh, B. 2615 : entisc, B. 2979: gold-fáh, B. 2811: heard, B. 2255 : heaþo-steáp, B. 1245 : 2153 : hefig, Hml. Th. ii. 502. 12 : hwít, B. 1448 : scír, Jud. 193. (l a) where the helm

    has a technical significance

    :-- Eorles heregeata syndon . . . feówer helmas and feówer byrnan . . . Cyninges þegenes . . . helm mid byrnan,
      Ll. Th. i. 414, 4-11.
  • Of viii hídum helm and byrnan,

      Chr. 1008; P. 138, 6.
  • Þeán ceorlisc geþeó ꝥ hé hæbbe helm and byrnan . . . gif hé ꝥ land nafað hé bið ceorl swá þeáh,

      Ll. Th. i. 188, 8.
a crown, diadem
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  • Sitt þonne swegles brytta on heáhsetle helme beweorðod (gewurþod,

      Wlfst. 137, 17), Dóm. L. 118.
  • Cóm se deófol mid purpuran gescrýd and mid helme (mid gyldenum cynehelme,

      Hml. S. 31, 752) geglengd, Hml. Th. ii. 512, 24.
  • Mid helme (cynehelme,

      Hml. S. 31, 764), 30.
  • Aman gelǽdde Mardocheum, mid helme (cf. cynehelm

    diadema

    232) gescrýdne,
      Hml. A. 99, 242.
  • Ðurh ðone ðyrnenan helm on ðone Hǽlend beslagen,

      Hml. Th. ii. 254, 10.
the top, crown of a thing, mostly of the foliage of a tree or plant. v. helm-bǽre, helmiht
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  • Geþúf fícbeám vel helm

    frondea ficus,

      Wrt. Voc ii. 151, 16.
  • Coppe helmes (sub) cono (sublimi) verticis. l. capitis (arboris), An. Ox. 1564 Mid wexendum helme

    florenti fronde,

    1132.
  • Ic sæt innan bearwe min helme beþeht,

      Dóm. L. 2.
  • Helm

    conum,

    -Wrt.
      Voc. ii. 129, 24.
  • Geþúfe beámas vel helmas

    frondea robora,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 151, 13.
  • Huni-bǽrum clǽfran helmum

    melligeris caltarum frondibus,

      An. Ox. 95: 924.
cover, concealment
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  • Nó heó on helm losað, ne on foldan fæðm, ne on fyrgenholt, ne on gyfenes grund, gá þǽr heó wille she will not escape into concealment, neither into earth's bosom, nor into the mountain wood, nor into ocean's depths, go where she will, B. 1392. III a. a covering :-- Helme porticulo (cf. porticulus minor porticus seu aedicula quae stpulcris mortuorum superstruebatur, Migne. But

    porticulus

    in the passage glossed,
      Aid. 3, 3, is
    the hammer used in giving signals to rowers), An Ox. 33.
  • Helme

    tiro (the line to which the gloss belongs is : Sed tyro infracta tectus testudine Christi, Ald. 210, 12 ; helme seems to belong to testudine ],

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 97, 7.
Similar entries
v. cyne-helm, ísern-helm, leþer-helm, wuldor-helm.
Full form

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