Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

fæsten

  • noun [ neuter ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
fæsten, es; n. [fæstan II. to fast] .
Wright's OE grammar
§58; §259; §358; §600;
a fast, fasting; jējūnium
Show examples
  • Ðis feówertigfealde fæsten wæs asteald on ðære ealdan gecýðnysse

    this fortyfold fast was established in the old testament,

    • Homl. Th. ii. 100,
    • 1.
  • Nis ðæs mannes fæsten náht, ðe hine sylfne on forhæfednysse dagum fordrencþ

    the man's fasting is naught, who inebriates himself on days of abstinence,

    • 608, 23: Homl. Blick. 37,
    • 31.
  • Twá dæglíc fæsten oððe þreó dæglíc is genóh to healdenne

    bĭduānum vel trĭduānum sat est observāre jējūnium,

    • Bd. 4,
    • 25;
    • S. 600,
    • 8.
  • Ðes gearlíca ymryne us gebrincþ efne nú ða clǽnan tíd lenctenlíces fæstenes

    this yearly course just now brings us the pure time of the lenten fast,

    • Homl. Th. ii. 98, 25: Homl. Blick. 27,
    • 23.
  • Ðæs feówertiglícan fæstenes

    quadrāgēsĭmæ,

    • Bd. 3,
    • 23;
    • S. 554,
    • 38.
  • Gif mæsse-preóst folc miswyssige æt fæstene

    if a mass-priest misdirect the people about a fast,

    • L. E. G. 3
    • ;
    • Th. i. 168, 9: L. N. P. L. 11
    • ;
    • Th. ii. 292
    • ;
    • 11
    • .
  • Búton þurh gebédu and on fæstene

    nisi in orātiōne et jējūnio,

    • Mk. Bos. 9, 29: Ps. Lamb. 34,
    • 13.
  • fæsten lufiaþ

    they love fasting,

    • Exon. 44 b
    • ;
    • Th. 150,
    • 18;
    • Gú. 780
    • .
  • Gif mon his heówum in fæsten flǽsc gefe

    if a man during a fast give flesh-meat to his family,

    • L. Wih. 14
    • ;
    • Th. i. 40, 9: L. E. G. 8
    • ;
    • Th. i. 172,
    • 6.
  • Þurh gebéd and fæsten

    per orātiōnem et jējūnium,

    • Mt. Bos. 17, 21: Ps. Th. 68,
    • 10.
  • We úrne líchoman clǽnsiaþ mid fæstenum and mid gebédum

    we cleanse our bodies with fastings and prayers,

    • Homl. Blick. 39,
    • 2.
  • On fæstenum and on hálsungum

    jējūniis et obsecrātiōnĭbus,

    • Lk. Bos. 2, 37: Ps. Th. 108,
    • 24.
  • Freólsa and fæstena healde man rihtlíce

    let festivals and fasts be rightly kept,

    • L. Eth. vi. 22
    • ;
    • Th. i. 320,
    • 10.
a fastness, fortress, bulwark, place of strength, a castle, wall; mūnīmentum, arx, castellum
Show examples
  • Ealle hire fæstenu híg fordilegodon mid fýre

    all her strongholds they destroyed with fire,

    • Jos. 11,
    • 12.
  • Nearo fæsten

    narrow fastness,

      Bd. 4, 26;
    • S. 602,
    • 20.
an inclosed place, cloister; claustrum
Show examples
  • Fæsten vel clauster

    claustrum,

    • Ælfc. Gl. 109
    • ;
    • Som. 79,
    • 15;
    • Wrt. Voc. 58,
    • 56.
Etymology
[
O. Sax. festí, f. fortress, strength:
O. Frs. fest junction:
Dut. vest, f. a city wall, fortress:
Ger. feste, f. a fortress:
M. H. Ger. veste, f. firmness, solidity, fortress:
O. H. Ger. fastí, festí, f. firmĭtas, rōbur, arx:
Dan. fæste, n. a handle:
Swed. fäste, n. firmament, castle:
Icel. festa, f. a pledge; festr, festi, f. that by which a thing is fastened
.]
Derived forms
burh-fæsten, éðel-, lagu-, sǽ-, þell-, weall-, wudu-
Linked entries
v.  feasten festen fæstn fæstn fæstern.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • fæsten, n.