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Anglo-Saxon

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LEÓGAN

  • verb [ strong ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
LEÓGAN, p. leáh; pl. lugon
Wright's OE grammar
§135; §137; §320; §493;
To lie, tell a lie, say falsely, break one's word, play false, deceive, feign
Show examples
  • Ic leóge

    mentior,

      Ælfc. Gr. 31; Som. 35, 53.
  • Eal hit is swá, ne leóge ic,

      Blickl. Homl. 179. 3.
  • Ðú líhst ðæt ðú God sý

    thou sayest falsely that thou art God,

      Homl. Th. i. 378, 7.
  • Seó orsorge wyrd simle líhþ and lícet

    prospera fortuna semper mentitur,

      Bt. 20; Fox 70, 30: Ælfc. Gr. 49; Som. 50, 30.
  • Hé líhþ him sylfum, Wulfst 66, 3.
  • Se ðe lýhþ oððe ðæs sóðes ansaceþ,

      Salm. Kmbl. 364; Sal. 181.
  • Má sceamigan ðonne fagnian ðonne hí geheóraþ ðæt him man on líhþ

    qui falso prædicantur, suis ipsi necesse est laudibus erubescant,

      Bt. 30, 1; Fox 108, 8.
  • Ic geseó tó sóðe nales mé sefa (MS. selfa) leógeþ

    I do indeed see, my mind deceives me not,

      Cd. 193; Th. 242, 9; Dan. 416.
  • Ðíne feóndas ðé fǽcne leógaþ (légaþ, Ps. Surt.)

    mentientur tibi inimici tui,

      Ps. Th. 65, 2: 80, 14.
  • Nú cwǽdon gedwolmen ðæt deófol gesceópe sume gesceafta, ac hí leógaþ,

      Homl. Th. i. 16, 20.
  • Oft ða unþeáwas leógaþ and lícettaþ ðæt hí sién góde þeáwas plerumque vitia virtues se esse mentiuntur, Past. 20; Swt, 149, 2, Ðá ðá hé leág

    fefellisset,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 34, 26: Exon. 84 b; Th, 318, 12; Mód. 81.
  • Hér begann se deófol tó reccanne hálige gewrita and hé leáh mid ðære race

    here the devil began to expound holy writ, and he spake falsely in his exposition,

      Homl. Th. i. 170, 4.
  • Ðá swóran hié swíðe ðæt hié sóð sægdon and nóht lugon ðara þinga

    quibus jurantibus se nichil falsi commiscere,

      Nar. 25, 28.
  • Sǽdon ðæt hí wǽran on Criste gelýfede, ac hí lugon swá ðeáh,

      Homl. Skt. 2, 303.
  • Hig hym fæla ongeán lugon

    they brought many false charges against him,

      Nicod. 34; Thw. 19, 39.
  • Gé tó dæge wǽron Somnitum þeówe gif gé him ne álugen (other MS. lugon) iówra wedd

    hodie Romani Samnio servirent, si fidem fæderis ipsi Samnitibus servavissent,

      Ors, 3, 8; Swt. 122, 13.
  • Ne leóh ðú leng

    noli ultra fallere,

      Ex. 8, 29.
  • Ne leóh ðú

    non mentiemini,

      Lev. 19, 11.
  • Swá wénaþ manige men, ðæt ðes diáccon leóge be ðam fýre,

      Wulfst. 206, 13.
  • Ðone ilcan geþang ic ðé ǽr sǽde, ǽr hé leóge, ðæt hé ðé leógan ne durre,

      Blickl. Homl. 179, 29.
  • Búton Priscianus luge

    unless Priscian have made a mistake,

      Ælfc. Gr. 17; Som. 20, 49.
  • Se ðe wolde leógan on his wordon. Wulfst. 168, 17.
  • Ðonne onginþ him leógan se tóhopa ðære wræce

    then the hope of revenge begins to deceive them,

      Bt. 37; Fox 186, 23: Bt. Met. Fox 25, 100: Met, 25, 50: Exon. 90 a; Th. 337, 27; Gn. Ex. 71.
  • Ðæne nǽnig mæg leógan

    quem memo potent fallere,

      Hymn. Surt. 33, 15.
  • Ðú leógende sagast,

      Blickl. Homl. 179, 22.
  • Ðonne hí secgeaþ ǽlc yfel ongén eów leógende

    cum dixerint omne malum adversum vos mentientes,

      Mt. Kembl. 5, 11.
  • Gé sind leógende

    mentita es,

      Past. 21, 1; Swt. 151, 21.
Etymology
[Goth. liugan: O. Sax. liogan: O. Frs. liaga: Icel. ljúga: O. H. Ger. liugan mentiri, fallere, fingere: Ger. lügen.]
Derived forms
DER. á-, for-, ge-, of- leógan.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • LEÓGAN, v.