Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

findan

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Wright's OE grammar
§59; §96; §111; §239; §295; §300; §488; §498;
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to come upon by chance or
in the course of events.
to come across, meet with a person or thing
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  • Ðú findst (fintst, v. l.) wið hwone ðú meant flítan

    contra quos valeatis vos extendere, semper invenitis,

      Past. 331, 5.
  • Ic gehátan dearr þæt þú þǽr treówe findest, Bo.
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  • Ne þǽr mon his feónd findeð,

      Bl. H. 105, 1.
  • Ic gódne funde beága bryttan,

      B. 1486.
  • Iudas funde, þá ðá hé fram fyrde gecyrde, gold and seolfor and fela óðre herereáf,

      Hml. S. 25, 358.
  • Líg eall fornam þæt hé grénes fond,

      Gen. 2549.
  • Nó wé oferhygdu ánes monnes máran fundon,

      GD. 241.
  • Þá fundon hié óþre flocráde,

      Chr. 917; P. 98, 4.
  • Námon hí menn, and swá hwæt swá hí findan mihtan,

      Chr. 1046; P. 166, 16.
  • Ðá dysegan menn náne lustbǽrnesse nabbað ðá sóþan gesǽlþa tó sécanne, ac wénaþ ꝥ hí mægon hí on þissum ðeádlicum ðingum findan,

      Bt. 32, 3; F. 118, 25.
  • Bán bið funden on heortes heortan,

      Lch. i. 338, 5.
  • Gestreón swilc þǽr funden wæs,

      Dan. 66.
  • Ic eom wíde funden,

      Ra. 28, l.
  • Gif mid him cwicum sié funden ꝥ hé ǽr stæl.

      Ll. Th. i. 50, 22.
  • (la) with a complement to the object

    Hý æt hám findað witode him wiste,

      Ra. 44, 8.
  • Hé dryhten sínne driórigne fand ealdres æt ende,

      B. 2789.
  • Fleág fugla cyn þǽr hý feorhnere witude fundon, Gs. 890. (Ib)

    to find

    in records :-- Werþeóde on gewritum findað dóma gehwilcne,
      Exod. 519. ¶
    where the record is the memory :-- Findan on ferhðe, An. 1487 : El. 641: 632.
tofind (and carry off) something hidden or hitherto unnoticed
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  • Swelce hwá nú delfe eorþan and finde goldhord . . . Gif nán mon ǽr ꝥ gold þǽr ne hýdde, þonne ne funde hé hit nó ; forðý hit næs ná weás funden,

      Bt. 40, 6 ; F. 242, 5-9.
  • Seó bóc on þǽre ciricean funden wæs,

      Bl. H. 197, 26.
  • Syððan hé ǽrest wearð feásceaft funden,

      B. 7.
  • Tó fundenes cildes fóstre, Ll.

    Th.

    i-
      118, 18.
to obtain, find favour, credit, &c.
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  • Hió þǽr helpe findað, godcunde gife,

      El. 1032.
  • Ic fultum fand

    venit auxilium mihi,

      Ps. Th. 120,
    Wǽre hié þǽr fundon, Exod. 387.
  • Hí æt þám bisceope bóte fundon,

      El. 1217.
  • Þ heó funde and ábǽde æt þæs Scyppendes mildheortnesse, ꝥ heó fram swá miclum cwylmnessum onlýsed beón móste

    ut apud misericordiam conditoris inpetraret, se a tantis cruciatibus absolui,

      Bd. 4, 9; Sch. 396, 8.
to meet with, experience, be exposed to, find difficulty, &c.
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  • Þǽr þú gúðe findest,

      An. 1351.
  • Hé þǽr náht ne funde þæs þe him þe bet wǽre

    he met with no success,

      Chr. 1072 ; P. 208, 15.
  • Míne aldorlege, swá mé ǽfre wearð oððe ic furðor findan sceolde,

      Dan. 140.
  • Se folctoga findan sceolde earfoðsíðas, 656.
to find, discover on inspection or consideration
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  • Ic andette ꝥ ic hæbbe funden duru þǽr ðǽr ic ǽr geseah áne lytle cynan,

      Bt. 35, 3; F. 158, 27.
  • (5 a) with complement to the object or infin.

    Sume ic funde bítan Godes tácne, þá ic slóg,

      Jul. 490.
  • Ic on bócum fand cýðan be þám sigebeácne,

      El. 1255.
  • Hé in þæt búrgeteld néðde, funde on bedde blácne licgan his goldgifan,

      Jud. 278 : 6. 118:2270.
  • Hí eódon wundur sceáwian, fundon on sande sáwulleásne hlinbed healdan þone þe him hringas geaf, 3033.
  • Carcernes duru hí opene fundon,

      An. 1078.
to find by trial or experience,
find an object (to be) so and so
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  • Hine nǽnig man yrne ne funde,

      Bl. H. 223, 34.
  • Sé fand wæccendne wer wíges bídan,

      B. 1267.
  • Symle hý Gúðlác gearone fundon,

      Gú. 885: 861.
  • Þæt hé Ús gearwe finde,

      Bl. H. 83, l.
  • Ic wundrige hwí wíse men swá swíþe swuncen mid þǽre sprǽce, and swa litel gewis funden

      , Bt. 41, 4; F. 250, 20.
  • NÓ hí findan meahton æt þám æðelinge, þæt hé þone cynedóm ciósan wolde,

      B. 2373.
  • Eádiglicre funden,

      Seel. 132.
  • Wace beóð ðá hirdas funden þe nellað þá heorda . , . bewerian,

      Wlfst. 191, 7.
  • II. with the idea of search or effort.
to discover or
obtain by searching
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  • For þí ne fint ǽlc mon ꝥ hé sécþ, for ðý hé hit on riht ne sécþ. Gé sécaþ þǽr gé findan ne magan,

      Bt. 33, 2 ; F. 122, 29.
  • Heó wyrte séceð, á heó þá findeð,

    Rä.

      35, 6 : 85, 26.
  • Gé gold on treówum ne sécaþ, ne finde gé hit nó,

      Bt. 32, 3; F. 118, 9.
  • Se forma gítsere þe ǽrest þá eorþan ongan delfan. æfter golde and þá frécnan deórwurþnessa funde,

      Bt. 15 ; F. 48, 24.
  • Wíc sceáwian oð þæt hié eorðscræf fundon,

      Gen. 2595.
  • Eágan míne georne sceáwedun, hwǽr ic treówe funde,

      Ps. Th. 100, 6.
  • Wígan ǽghwilcne þe hé on þám fyrste findan mihte,

      Exod. 189 : Sal. 8.
  • Hordweard sóhte æfter grunde, wolde guman findan,

      B. 2294.
  • Gif wé fundne weorðen, Jul. 335. (la)

    to recover

    something hidden away or lost :-- Swá hwá swá ungemyndig sié rihtwísnesse, gecerre hine tó his gemynde, ðonne fint hé ðǽr þá ryhtwísnesse gehýdde mid þæs líchoman hæfignesse,
      Bt. 35, i; F. 156,
  • Hé hine hét sleán and deópe bedelfan. Hine man funde eft, and ferede hine tó Winceslre

      , Chr. 1050; P. 170, 4.
  • Sume þá goldhord hí on eorþan áhýddon þæt hié nǽnig mon siþþan findan ne meahte,

      418; P. 10, 19.
  • Mín wísdóm mé forlét...Ðín ðeów hæfð nú funden his wí sdóm,

      Past. 273, 15,
to succeed in obtaining something needed or desired,
procure
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  • Syle mé ðínne wineard, and ic þé óðerne finde,

      Hml. S. 18, 174.
  • Þá funde se arcedeácon æt þám cnihte ꝥ hé þone geǽttredan drync him tó bær,

      Gr. D. 186, 21.
  • He funde fíf mǽdena him tó . . . tó wunigenne mid him,

      Hml. S. 35, 51.
  • Se ord bí gde upp tó þám hiltum . . . Him gewearð ꝥ man funde níwe swurd and níwne slagan þǽrtó,

      12, 233.
  • Hí fundon leáse gewitan þe forlugon Naboð,

      18, 196.
  • He biddende wæs þ æt hé móste wið Scipian sprecan, and wilniende wæs ꝥ hé frið betwux þǽm folcum findan sceolde, Ors. 4, 10; S. 202, II. Wið swylcan sceatte swylce hé hit þá findæ mihte, C. D. B. i. 544, 5. (2 a) in law phrases,

    to find

    surety, &c. :-- Finde hé borh,
      Ll. Th. i. 390, 19: 332, 20.
  • Finde hé wærborh borh,

      250, 18.
  • Finde hé him borh,

      268, 16.
  • Hé þæs borh finde,

      168, 7.
  • Hé him borh finde ꝥ hé swilces geswíce,

      346, 13.
  • Finde him ǽle man ꝥ hé borh hæbbe,

      268, 7.
  • Ǽle preóst finde him . xii. festermen, ii. 290, 15.
  • Seó mǽgþ þám hláfordleásan men hláford finden, i. 200, 8. ꝥ hé þone áð funde þe sé gelýfan mihte, 158, 17. (2b) to find resolution, courage, heart to do something,

    to bring

    oneself to do something :-- [pæt hé] in hige funde tó gesecganne hwæt se beám bude, Dan. 543.
  • Ic ne mæg findan æt mé seolfum ꝥ ic hine ǽfre geseó,

      Ors. 5, 12; S. 244, I.
  • Ne meahte hé æt his hige findan þæt hé Gode wolde þeówian

      , Gen. 266.
  • Hé uneáðe mihte on his móde findan ꝥ hé swá leófne freónd fram him lǽtan sceolde,

      Hml. S. 6, 225 : 31, 394.
to visit, reach a place
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  • Hí flugon forhtigende, woldon hámas findan,

      Exod. 453.
  • Sceal se gást cuman symble ymbe seofon niht findan þone líchoman,

      Seel. 10.
to ascertain, attain by menial effort, discover by study, find an excuse, a remedy, &c.
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  • part gé blindnesse bóte fundon,

      Gú. 600.
  • Þonne se lǽce ꝥ ongit, þonne mæg hé þone lǽcedóm þe raþor findan,

      Lch. ii. 204, 22.
  • þú sécest beládunge, hú þúú
to come to the knowledge of a fact,
learn
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  • He fand þurh lársmiðas hwǽr áhangen wæs rodora waldend,

      El. 202.
to ascertain by calculation
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  • Swá hit úðwitan fundan,

      Men. 166.
  • Sceal wintrum fród on circule cræfte findan hálige dagas, 67.
  • Nú gé findan magon háligra tíd, 228.
to devise a plan,
arrange, settle
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  • Gestihtade hé and funde ꝥ hé wolde landfyrde þider gelǽdan and eft on scypláde ham hweorfan

    terrestri itinere illo uenire, sed nauigio redire disponebat,

      Bd. 3, 15; Sch. 262, I. Se biscop
    p
  • Fand,

      Bl. H. 199, 30: 201, 25.
  • Funde hé swíðe yfel geðeaht

    consilium praebuii,

      Past. 423, 15.
  • Þysne cræft funde Camillis,

      Ors. 2, 8; S. 92, 2.
  • Hié ꝥ tó rǽde fundon ꝥ hié ciricean árǽrdon,

      Bl. H. 205, 13.
  • Tó rihtan gafole oððe tó óðran forewyrdan, swá hit man findan mage wið þone arcebisceop,

      Cht. Th. 355, 26.
  • Hú hé sárlícast meahte feorhcwale findan,

      Jul. 573: B. 3163.
  • Nǽron nó swá endebyrdlíce hiora stede and hiora ryne funden,

      Bt. 35, 2 ; F. 158, 3.
to compose poetry
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  • Ic þysne sang fand, Ap. i. Ic sceal nú mid ungerádum wordum gesettan, þeáh ic hwílum gecóplíce funde

    carmina quondam studio florente peregi,

      Bt. 2 ; F. 4, 8.
to determine, provide as a regulation
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  • Hié fundon þæt Antigones him sceolde mid firde ongeán cuman,

      Ors. 3, ll; S. 146, 15 : 148, 7.
  • Fundon Rðmáne þæt hié scipa worhton

    Romani classem fabricari praeceperunt,

      4, 6; S. 172, l.
    Ðǽr þá eádigan fundon þás dómas, Ll. Th. i. 36, 12.
  • Swá witan tó rihte finden,

      50, 2.
  • Gif hít bið ðus funden,

      440, 17 : 220, 4.
  • Beón þá herigeata swá fundene, 414, 4 note. III. to supply, provide, furnish :-- Gif mínra geréfena hwylc þis dón nylle, . . . ic finde óðerne þe wile, Ll. Th. i. 214, l. Him þæt sððcyning sylfa findeð

    Dens providebit sibi victimam,

      Gen. 2894.
  • Farao him funde ládmen,

      Gen. 12, 20: Prud. l b: Hml. S. 29, 143.
  • Fundon,

      Nic. 9, 6 ; Dan. 88.
  • Find me nú æftergencgan,

      Hml. S. 7, 372.
  • Þæt man finde of þám yrfe healfes pundes wyrþne sáulsceat,

      Cht. Th. 534, 12.
  • Þæt hí findon betweox him twá scencingcuppan intó beódern,

      536, 6.
  • Þ hé him bysceop funde and sealde

    episcopum dari,

      Bd. 4, 3; Sch. 348, 20.
  • Þ man funde ǽnne man. Ll. Th. i. 232, 13.
  • Ðætte hió him funden londáre,

      C. D. i. 222, 30.
  • Wé him sculon mete findan þá hwíle þe hý mid ús beoð,

      Ll. Th. i. 284, 16.
  • Se scírgeréfa . . . lét him findan mete and fóddor æt ǽlcan castelle þǽr hí tó cómon,

      Chr. 1075 ; P. 210, 24
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v. rǽd-findende.
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