Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

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hwilc

  • pronoun
Dictionary links
Grammar
hwilc, hwylc, hwelc; pron.
Wright's OE grammar
§469;
which, who, of what kind, [in direct questions]
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  • Quis hwá is werlíc hád, que, hwilc is wíflíc, quod, hwile nis náðres cynnes; cujus hwilces; cui hwilcum; quem virum laudas hwilcne wer herast ðú; a quo fram hwilcum. Pluraliter qui hwilce; quorum hwilcera; quibus hwilcum; quos laudas hwilce herast ðú; a quibus fram hwilcum ... Qualis hwile getácnaþ þreó þingc interrogationem and infinitionem and relationem. Gif ic cweðe qualis est rex hwilc is se cingc, ðon biþ hé interrogativum ... Ðú cwyþst qualis est ille hwilc is hé, ic cweðe

    talis est

    swilc hé is,
      Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 12-18, 57-63.
  • Hwylc man is of eów

    quis est ex vobis homo?

      Mt. Kmbl. 7, 12.
  • Hwylc þearf is ðé húsles

    quid opus est Eucharistia?

      Bd. 4, 24; S. 598, 37.
  • Hwá is úre Fæder? Se Ælmihtiga God. And hwilcera manna Fæder is he? Swutelíce hit is gesǽd, yfelra manna. And hwilc is se Fæder?

    who is our Father? The Almighty God. And of what sort of men is he Father? It is plainly said, of evil men. And of what kind is the Father?

      Homl. Th. i. 254, 5-8.
  • Hwylc is mihtig God bútan úre se mǽra God

    quis Deus magnus sicut Deus noster,

      Ps. Th. 76, 11.
  • Hwylc is wísra ðe ðás mid gehygde healdan cunne

    quis sapiens et custodiet hæc?

      106, 42.
  • Hwylces ðæra sufona byþ ðæt wíf

    cujus erit de septem uxor?

      Mt. Kmbl. 22, 28.
  • Hwylcum bigspelle wiðmete wé hit

    cui parabolæ cumparabimus illud?

      Mk. 4, 30.
[in dependent clauses]
Show examples
  • Gif ic cweðe nescio qualis est rex nát ic hwile se cyngc is, ðon is se qualis infinitivum. Gif ic cweðe tu scis bene qualis est ðú wást wel hwilc hé is, ðon biþ hit

    relativum,

      Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 59-61.
  • Geseó hé hwylc se man sig oððe ðæt neát

    videat qualis homo sit vel pecus,

      L. Ecg. C. 14; Th. ii. 142, 19.
  • Gé habbaþ gehýred hwilc ðes god is ðe gé wéndon ðæt eów gehǽlde. Homl. Th. i. 464, 10.
  • Hwelc se bión sceal ðe tó reccenddóme cuman sceal

    qualis quisque ad regimen venire debeat.

      Past. 10; Swt. 61, 5.
  • Bæd ðæt hé him geswutelode hwylc basilius wǽre on wurðscype mid him

    prayed that he would reveal to him what manner of man Basil was in honour as compared with himself,

      Homl. Swt. 3, 498.
  • Sege ús hwilc tácn sí ðínes tócymys

    dic nobis quod signum adventus tui,

      Mt. Kmbl. 24, 3.
  • Hét secan hwilc ðære geógoþe gleáwost wǽre

    bade seek which of the youth was most skilled,

      Cd. 176; Th. 220, 34; Dan. 81: Andr. Kmbl. 821; An. 411.
  • Cwén frignan ongan on hwylcum ðara beáma bearn wealdendes hangen wǽre,

      Elen. Kmbl. 1698; El. 851.
  • Dó mé wegas wíse ðæt ic wite on hwylcne ic gange

    notam mihi fac viam, in qua ambulem,

      Ps. Th. 142, 9.
  • Geþence gé hwæt gé síen and hwelce gé síen

    pensa quod es,

      Past. 21, 4; Swt. 159, 14.
  • Ðá onfunde se módiga, hwilce his mihta wéron

    then the proud spirit found out what his powers were,

      Ælfc. T. Grn. 2, 47.
indef. pron.
any one, any, of any kind, some
Show examples
  • Oððe gif hwylc cynincg wyle faran

    aut quis rex iturus,

      Lk. Skt. 14, 31.
  • Hwæt wénstú nú, gif hwelc forworht monn cymþ and bitt úrne hwelcne ðæt wé hine lǽden tó sumum rícum menn and him geþingien

    si enim fortasse quis veniat, ut pro se ad intercedendum nos apud potentem quempiam virum ducat,

      Past. 10, 2; Swt. 63, 1.
  • Ne hig ne gelýfaþ ðeáh hwylc of deáþe árise

    neque si quis ex mortuis surrexerit credent,

      Lk. Skt. 16, 31.
  • Swelc ic wǽre hwelc folclíc mon and mé wǽre mete and wínes þearf

    ut vini et carnis quidam emptor,

      Nar. 18, 4.
  • Wén is ðæt hwilc wundor ineode on ðaet carcern,

      St. And. 14, 28.
  • Manslyht oððe elles hwilc ðara heáfodlícra leahtra

    manslaughter or any other of the capital crimes,

      L. E. I. 26; Th. ii. 422, 5.
  • Sóna swá sacerda hwylc hwone on wóh gesyhþ

    as soon as any priest sees any one in error,

      28; Th. ii.424, 25.
  • Gif mínra þegna hwilc,

      Cd. 22; Th. 27, 7; Gen. 414.
  • Ánra hwilc

    each one,

      Bt. Met. Fox 20, 129; Met. 20, 65.
  • Gif him þince ðæt hé on hwylcere fægerre stówe sí

    if it seems to him that he is in some fair place,

      Lchdm. iii. 174, 26.
  • Æt mǽstra hwelcre misdǽde

    for almost every misdeed,

      L. Alf. 49; Th. i. 58, 6.
  • Gyf hwylce ðǽr beóþ ðara ðe hwæt ǽbylhþa wið óðre habbaþ

    if there are any there who have any grudges against others,

      L. E. I. 36; Th. ii. 434, 7.
  • Wé gesáwon oft in cyrcean ǽgðer ge corn ge hig ge hwylce woroldlícn þing beón gehealdene

    we have often seen in churches corn and hay, and any kind of secular things kept,

      8; Th. ii. 406, 31.
  • Gif hwá biþ mid hwelcum welum geweorþod and mid hwelcum deórwyrþum ǽhtum gegyrewod. Bt. 14,

      3; Fox 46, 11.
combined with swá
Show examples
  • Quisquis swá hwá, quæque swá hwilc, quodquod swá hwilc; quicunque swá hwá,

    quæcunque

    swá hwilc,
      Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 35, 37.
  • Ðæs cyninges þegnas ðider urnon swá hwelc swá ðonne gearo wearþ

    the king's thanes ran thither, whichever of them was ready,

      Chr. 755; Erl. 50, 3.
  • Swá hwylc swá sylþ ánne drinc

    quicumque potum dederit,

      Mt. Kmbl. 10, 42.
  • Swá hwylcum manna swá him gemet þuhte,

      Beo. Th. 6106; B. 3057: 1890; B. 943.
  • Swá hwylce daga

    in quacumque die,

      Ps. Th. 137, 4.
  • Ðæt git ne lǽstan wel hwilc ǽrende swá hé sendeþ

    that ye will not perform what business soever he sends,

      Cd. 26; Th. 35, 15; Gen. 555.
correlative of swilc [v. I.]
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  • Hit is scondlíc ymb swelc tó sprecanne hwelc hit ðá wæs

    it is shameful to talk about such a state of things as it then was,

      Ors. 1, 10; Swt. 48, 4.
Etymology
[O. E. Homl. hwilche: A. R. hwuch: Laym. whilc, whulc: Orm. whillc: R. Glouc. wuch: Piers P. Chauc. which: Goth. hwéleiks, hwileiks: O. Sax. hwilík: O. Nrs. hwelík, hwelk, hulk, hwek: Icel. hvílíkr: O. H. Ger. hwelíh: Ger. welcher.]
Derived forms
DER. ǽg-, ge-, wel-hwilc.
Linked entries
v.  chuelc hú-líc hwelc hwylc.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • hwilc, pronoun.