Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

scúfan

  • verb [ strong ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
scúfan, scéufan, sceófan; p. sceáf, pl. scufon, sceufon, sceofon; pp. scofen, sceofen
Wright's OE grammar
§131; §163; §166; §293; §294; §496;
To shove, push, thrust; trudere, praecipitare
Show examples
  • Ic sceúfe (sceófe, scúfe) praecipito, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Zup. 137, 11 :

    trudo,

      28, 4; Zup. 171, 1.
  • Scífþ

    trudit,

      Hpt. Gl. 406, 71.
  • Scúfaþ

    praecipitate,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 68, 78.
  • I.

    to shove, push, try to move something

    :-- Hé sceáf mid ðam scylde. ðæt se sceaft tóbærst,
      Byrht. Th. 135, 50; By. 136.
  • Sume sceufon, sume tugon, and seó Godes fǽmne hwæðre stód. Shrn. 154, 26.
to shove, thrust, cause to move with violence.
literal
Show examples
  • Ðá ne gelífde Apollonius ðæt heó his gemæcca wǽre ac sceáf hí fram him,

      Ap. Th. 25, 6.
  • Hé sceáf reáf of líce. Cd. Th. 94, 20 ; Gen. 1564.
  • Hí dracan scufon, wyrm ofer weallclif,

      Beo. Th. 6254; B 3131.
  • 'Uton hine underbæc sceófan' . . . Hí ðáá næs ácweald þurh ðam heálícan fylle, Homl. Th. ii. 300, 14-20.
  • Hét his scealcas scúfan ða hyssas in bǽlblýse,

      Cd. Th. 230, 11 ; Dan. 231 : Exon. Th. 142, 21 ; Gú. 647.
  • Leahtra lease in ðæs leádes wylm scúfan,

      277, 21; Jul. 584.
  • Scúfan scyldigne in seáþ. Elen. Kmbl. 1380 ; El. 692.
  • Ús ys miht geseald ðe tó sceófanne on ðás wítu ðisse deópnysse,

      Guthl. 5 ; Gdwin. 38, 17.
of proceedings which imply violence,
to thrust into prison, out of a place, etc.
Show examples
  • Drihten heó

    (the fallen angels)

    furðor sceáf in ðæt neowle genip,
      Cd. Th. 292, 24; Sat. 445.
  • Hig scufon

    (ejecerunt)

    hine of ðære ceastre.
      Lk. Skt. 4, 29.
  • Sume scufon heora mágas forþ tó heofenan ríce, and férdon him sylfe tó helle wíte,

      Homl. Th. ii. 542, 22.
  • Búton man ágeáfe Eustatsius and his men heom tó hand sceofe

    unless Eustace were given up and his men were handed over to them,

      Chr. 1052 ; Erl. 179, 22.
  • Se cyning wæs yrre wið mé and hét sceófan mé on cweartern

    me retrudi jussit in carcerem,

      Gen. 41, 10.
  • (devils)

    scofene wurdon fore oferhygdum in éce fýr.
      Exon. Th. 140, 5; Gu. 605.
  • (Adam and Eve)

    scofene wurdon on gewinworuld,
      153, 20 ; Gú. 828.
to shove, push, cause to move (without notion of violence)
Show examples
  • Hí scufon út heora scipu and gewendon heom begeondan sǽ,

      Chr. 1048 ; Erl. 180, 15 : Beo. Th. 436; B. 215.
of the production of natural phenomena
Show examples
  • Metod æfter sceáf ǽfen,

      Cd. Th. 9, 4 ; Gen. 136.
  • Ðá wæs morgenleóht scofen and scynded, Beo Th. 1840; B. 918. [Cf. Grmm. D. M. 706.]
to push a person's cause.
advance, forward, cf. scyfe,
Show examples
  • Scúfeþ Freá forþwegas folmum sínum, willan ðínne,

      Cd. Th. 170, 13; Gen. 2812.
to urge, prompt a thought or action, cf. scyfe,
Show examples
  • Mid ðý se weriga gást ða synne scýfþ on móde

    cum malignus spiritus peccatum suggerit in mente.

      Bd. I. 27; S. 497, 19 note.
to push on or
forward, to move (intrans.)
Show examples
  • Merecondel

    (the sun)

    scýft on ofdæle,
      Met. 13, 58.
  • Werige gástas scúfaþ tó grunde in ðæt nearwe níþ,

      Cd. Th. 304, 21 ; Sat. 633.
Etymology
[Goth. skiuban : O. Frs. skúva : O. H. Ger. sciuban : Icel. skýfa (wk.) to shove, drive, push.]
Similar entries
v. á-, æt-, be-, for-, óþ-, tó-, wið-scúfan.
Linked entries
v.  sceófan æt-sceófan be-scúfan for-scúfan of-scýfende.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • scúfan, v.